The vomeronasal organ – incidence in a Bulgarian population

@article{Stoyanov2016TheVO,
  title={The vomeronasal organ – incidence in a Bulgarian population},
  author={G. Stoyanov and K. Moneva and N. Sapundzhiev and A. Tonchev},
  journal={The Journal of Laryngology \&\#x0026; Otology},
  year={2016},
  volume={130},
  pages={344 - 347}
}
Abstract Background: The vomeronasal organ is an accessory olfactory organ found in vertebrates that specialises in the chemoreception of pheromones. This study aimed to explore the existence and occurrence of the vomeronasal organ in adult humans. Methods: A total of 966 consecutive video recordings of out-patient nasopharyngolaryngoscopies performed at the St Marina University Hospital, Varna, Bulgaria, were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Data analysis showed that from the evaluable cases… Expand
The vomeronasal organ: History, development, morphology, and functional neuroanatomy.
TLDR
Its main role is pheromone reception and, through its anatomical connections with the central nervous system, especially parts of the hypothalamus, modulation of both social and sexual behavior, although these relations have been established only in nonprimates and very little is yet established for the structure and function of the human VNO. Expand
The Human Vomeronasal (Jacobson’s) Organ: A Short Review of Current Conceptions, With an English Translation of Potiquet’s Original Text
TLDR
The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is a structure located in the anteroinferior portion of the nasal septum and is part of the accessory olfactory system and has been shown to play a role in the formation of social and sexual behavior in animals. Expand
The Relationship Between the Pneumatization Patterns of the Frontal Sinus, Crista Galli and Nasal Septum: A Tomography Study.
TLDR
Despite meticulous knowledge of anatomy, preoperative radiologic evaluation creates the base for successful treatment of anterior skull base pathologies with safer and effective surgery. Expand
Anatomy of the olfactory mucosa.
TLDR
The polemic issue of the human vomeronasal organ in both the adult and fetus is discussed, along with recent findings regarding olfactory subsystems within the nose of a number of mammals. Expand
Sinus septi nasi: Anatomical study
TLDR
The aim of this study was to perform a pioneering investigation into the incidence of pneumatization in human skulls and found that the perpendicular plate of the ethmoidal bone is not always compact bone; in 34.4% of cases, it shows a degree ofneumatization. Expand
Anatomy of the olfactory system.
TLDR
This chapter describes the general anatomy and microanatomy of the olfactory system, which contains a full complement of functional cellular elements including a regenerating population of Olfactory sensory neurons. Expand
The senses of the choroid plexus
TLDR
It is proposed that odorant receptors, vomeronasal receptors and taste receptors, recently identified at brain barriers, might be upstream components of this chemical surveillance system, essential to protect the brain from toxicants, microorganisms, and other harmful compounds. Expand
Odor-induced recall of emotional memories in PTSD–Review and new paradigm for research
TLDR
Clinical observations support the notion that odor-evoked memories can play a role in the symptomatology of PTSD and converging evidence that olfaction is an excellent model for studying many questions germane to the field of human emotional memory processing is found. Expand
The Vomeronasal Organ: A Neglected Organ

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 33 REFERENCES
The vomeronasal (Jacobson's) organ in adult humans: frequency of occurrence and enzymatic study.
TLDR
The vomeronasal system in adult humans has commonly been regarded as absent or vestigial, but recently it was found to be more common than previously reported, and a search for the frequency of occurrence was performed by examining the nasal septae of 200 adult patients. Expand
Clinical and histological evidence for the presence of the vomeronasal (Jacobson's) organ in adult humans.
TLDR
Histological examination failed to reveal any evidence that these organs may be functional, and the significance of the findings is assessed in the light of this evidence. Expand
The Vomeronasal Organ: An Objective Anatomic Analysis of its Prevalence
TLDR
It is hoped that by recognizing its prevalence and location, nasal surgeons will be more likely to identify and possibly preserve this mysterious organ until its function is more clearly understood. Expand
The vomeronasal cavity in adult humans.
TLDR
It is estimated that approximately 73% of the population exhibits at least one clearly defined pit on some days, and the results of other studies suggests that the vomeronasal epithelium, unlike in other mammals, is not a sensory organ in adult humans. Expand
Structure and function of the vomeronasal organ.
TLDR
Recent studies indicate that pheromone-like compounds are most likely registered at the level of olfactory receptor cells, rendering the chemical information system more independent of specific organ structures. Expand
Anatomical position of the vomeronasal organ in postnatal humans.
TLDR
These findings demonstrate that the human VNO is positionally variable, which may have contributed to previous conflicting findings on presence versus absence, and support recent suggestions that the VNO may have been misidentified by some investigators, and that its opening can be easily confused with other structures. Expand
The functionality of the human vomeronasal organ (VNO): Evidence for steroid receptors
TLDR
These data demonstrate, for the first time, the existence of a functional vomeronasal-pituitary pathway in adult humans and provides evidence for functional connections between the VNO and a variety of hypothalamic areas inAdult humans. Expand
Imaging of the human vomeronasal duct.
TLDR
MRI data indicate considerable variability of shape, size and orientation of the human VND. Expand
Searching for the vomeronasal organ of adult humans: Preliminary findings on location, structure, and size
TLDR
Findings on location and spatial relationships of the adult VNO were similar to those seen in human fetuses, but critical questions remain regarding the ontogeny of the vomeronasal nerves and VNE. Expand
Anatomical evidence for an endocrine activity of the vomeronasal organ in humans
TLDR
The findings presented here confirm the bilateral presence of the VNO in adult cadavers and demonstrate morphological connections of VNO receptor cells with the underlying capillaries and possible endocrine activity associated with the epithelium of this chemosensory structure has been demonstrated by the expression of calcium‐binding protein in a part of these receptor cells. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...