The vertical lobe of cephalopods: an attractive brain structure for understanding the evolution of advanced learning and memory systems

@article{Shomrat2015TheVL,
  title={The vertical lobe of cephalopods: an attractive brain structure for understanding the evolution of advanced learning and memory systems},
  author={Tal Shomrat and Ana Luiza Turchetti-Maia and N. Stern-Mentch and Jennifer A Basil and Binyamin Hochner},
  journal={Journal of Comparative Physiology A},
  year={2015},
  volume={201},
  pages={947-956}
}
In this review we show that the cephalopod vertical lobe (VL) provides a good system for assessing the level of evolutionary convergence of the function and organization of neuronal circuitry for mediating learning and memory in animals with complex behavior. The pioneering work of JZ Young described the morphological convergence of the VL with the mammalian hippocampus, cerebellum and the insect mushroom body. Studies in octopus and cuttlefish VL networks suggest evolutionary convergence into… CONTINUE READING
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