The variants of an LOD of a 3 D building model and their influence on spatial analyses

  title={The variants of an LOD of a 3 D building model and their influence on spatial analyses},
  author={Filip Biljecki and Hugo Ledoux and Jantien E. Stoter},
The level of detail (LOD) of a 3D city model indicates the model’s grade and usability. However, there exist multiple valid variants of each LOD. As a consequence, the LOD concept is inconclusive as an instruction for the acquisition of 3D city models. For instance, the top surface of an LOD1 blockmodelmay bemodelled at the eaves of a building or at its ridge height. Such variants, which we term geometric references, are often overlooked and are usually not documented in the metadata… CONTINUE READING


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