The valves of the throat and their functioning in tone, vocal register and stress: laryngoscopic case studies

  title={The valves of the throat and their functioning in tone, vocal register and stress: laryngoscopic case studies},
  author={Jerold A. Edmondson and John H. Esling},
  pages={157 - 191}
The standard method of describing phonation for tone, vocal register, stress and other linguistic categories relies on the ‘continuum hypothesis’ that linguistic sounds are produced by means of glottal states determined by the aperture between the arytenoid cartilages, the endpoints of the voiceless–voiced continuum being ‘open glottis’ and ‘closed glottis’. This paper takes a different view, pointing out that many languages make use of a number of valves, and that these valves are not… 

The laryngeal articulator ’ s influence on voice quality and vowel quality

The lower vocal tract is shown to be a significant contributor in shaping the auditory/acoustic output of vowels that are usually defined by uniquely oral parameters.

Voice Quality

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A new feature scheme that provides a new interpretation of glottal stop and of pharyngeals and accounts for the distinctive use of epilaryngeal sound sources is posits.

The Articulatory Function of the Larynx and the Origins of Speech

Taking the pharynx as a starting point for the ontogenetic learning of the speech production capacity offers fruitful insights into the phylogenetic development of speech.


A three-dimensional model has been developed on the basis of auditory parameters and extrapolation from articulatory data sources, which includes a separate and ‘reversed’ action of the laryngeal component.

Tongue-larynx interactions in the production of word initial laryngealization over different prosodic contexts: A repeated speech experiment

We report the results of a repeated speech experiment conducted to elicit laryngealization or full glottal stops before vowel-initial pseudo-words. In order to study potential interactions between

A study of muscular synergies at the glottal, Ventricular and aryepiglottic levels

It is deduced that full VB adduction is a passive effect of partial laryngeal (aryepiglottic) constriction, separate in control from vocal fold (VF) adduction, and that active (total) larynGEal closure results from a progressive contraction of a complex of muscles, the most likely among them the thyroarytenoid (TA) muscles.

Laryngeal articulatory function and speech origins

Suggestions for how the evolution and development of vocal tract anatomy fit with infant speech acquisition data are offered and the implications this has for explaining phonetic learning are discussed.

Consonant-Tone Interaction and Laryngealization in Thai

While a number of previous studies have reported laryngealization of Thai voiced and voiceless unaspirated stops, none have provided instrumental evidence of laryngealization. This paper provides

Measuring laryngealization in running speech: interaction with contrastive tones in yalálag zapotec

This study proposes a method to measure the degree of glottalization which is robust to variation of fundamental frequency and which, applied to the electroglottographic signal, does not depend on changes in vocal tract resonances.



There Are No Back Vowels: The Laryngeal Articulator Model

As an alternative to the high-low-front-backmodel of vowel specification, the laryngeal articulator model is proposed, based on a reinterpretation of how the vocal tract functions to produce

The IPA Categories “Pharyngeal” and “Epiglottal”

In order to reconcile a variety of descriptive terms with a logical phonetic taxonomy, auditorily distinguishable parameters are deduced from a naturally occurring variety of sounds, isolated articulatorily, and observed with a fibreoptic laryngoscope to define a cardinal set of articulatory possibilities.

An aerodynamic study of Korean stop consonants: measurements and modeling.

  • S. Dart
  • Linguistics
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1987
It is inferred from the results of the modeling experiment that fortis stops are produced with greater vocal tract wall tension than lenis stops, compared with previously known differences in glottal area.

The feature expanded

Phonation types: a cross-linguistic overview

Differences in phonation type signal important linguistic information in many languages, including contrasts between otherwise identical lexical items and boundaries of prosodic constituents, according to a recurring set of articulatory, acoustic, and timing properties.

[Articulatory phonetics].

  • F. W. ShafferR. Kutz
  • Linguistics
    Das Dental-Labor. Le Laboratoire dentaire. The Dental laboratory
  • 1973
This chapter discusses articulatory phonetics, which deals with the cat-egorization and classifi cation of the production features of speech sounds and the different types of assimilatory processes.

The phonetic description of voice quality

The importance of an individual's voice in everyday social interaction can scarcely be overestimated. It is an essential element in the listener's analysis of the speaker's physical, psychological

The laryngeal vestibule, voice quality and paralinguistic markers

  • C. Painter
  • Medicine
    European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
  • 2004
It is suggested that the laryngeal vestibule and lower pharynx play an important role in voice quality, and that a knowledge of these configurations may be useful to the laryngologist, speech pathologist and singer.

Articulatory modeling of so‐called advanced tongue root vowels

Many West African languages have two sets of vowels that are said to differ by one having an advanced tongue root [+ATR], and the other a retracted tongue root [−ATR]. The [+ATR] set may also have an