The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital

@article{Costanza1997TheVO,
  title={The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital},
  author={R. Costanza and R. D'arge and R. D. Groot and S. Farber and M. Grasso and B. Hannon and K. Limburg and S. Naeem and R. O'Neill and J. Paruelo and R. Raskin and P. Sutton and M. V. D. Belt},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1997},
  volume={387},
  pages={253-260}
}
The services of ecological systems and the natural capital stocks that produce them are critical to the functioning of the Earth's life-support system. They contribute to human welfare, both directly and indirectly, and therefore represent part of the total economic value of the planet. We have estimated the current economic value of 17 ecosystem services for 16 biomes, based on published studies and a few original calculations. For the entire biosphere, the value (most of which is outside the… Expand

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