The value of science: changing conceptions of scientific productivity, 1869 to circa 1970

@article{Godin2009TheVO,
  title={The value of science: changing conceptions of scientific productivity, 1869 to circa 1970},
  author={Beno{\^i}t Godin},
  journal={Social Science Information},
  year={2009},
  volume={48},
  pages={547 - 586}
}
  • B. Godin
  • Published 1 December 2009
  • Economics
  • Social Science Information
Productivity is now a buzzword in science studies. Whether you consult the literature on research management, the economic literature on technology and innovation, the literature on bibliometrics or the official literature on science policy and its conceptual frameworks, what you find is analyses on productivity, often accompanied by a plea, and recipes, for increased productivity. This article documents how the concept of productivity got into the analysis of science, through the statistics on… 

The information economy: the history of a concept through its measurement, 1949–2005

The information economy is one of the key concepts invented to explain structural changes in the modern economy. It has given rise to theories on society, conceptual frameworks for policy, and

Mapping SME productivity research: a systematic review of empirical evidence and future research agenda

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the lifeblood of economies around the world. They play an important role in productivity growth, which is crucial for developed economies as they adjust

The emergence of university rankings: a historical‑sociological account

Nowadays, university rankings are a familiar phenomenon in higher education all over the world. But how did rankings achieve this status? To address this question, we bring in a

It takes two to tango: knowledge mobilization and ignorance mobilization in science research and innovation

The main goal of this paper is to propose a dynamic mapping for knowledge and ignorance mobilization in science research and innovation. An underlying argument is that ‘knowledge mobilization’

Two-dimensional mapping of scientific production of nations in the fields of physics and astronomy

The quantity and quality of scientific production in the fields of physics and astronomy over a period of 16 years (1996–2012) was studied. The level of analysis was national, with the scientific

The Knowledge Economy: Fritz Machlup’s Construction of a Synthetic Concept

This ground-breaking new volume evaluates the capacity of the triple helix model to represent the recent evolution of local and national systems of innovation. It analyses both the success of the

Bibliometrics and the study of religion\s1

Scholars in the humanities are increasingly exposed to the use of bibliometrics for evaluating and ranking scholars, publications, and publication venues. Those working in the social sciences, and

Growth rates of modern science: a latent piecewise growth curve approach to model publication numbers from established and new literature databases

TLDR
This study analyzed scientific growth in two broad fields and the relationship of scientific and economic growth in UK and estimated regression models that included simultaneously the publication counts from the four databases to investigate scientific growth processes from the beginning of the modern science system until today.

THROUGH THE LOOKING-GLASS: PsycINFO as an Historical Archive of Trends in Psychology

TLDR
This essay concludes that certain projects simply cannot be undertaken without further investment by the American Psychological Association, because forgotten changes in the assumptions informing the PsycINFO database make its index terms untrustworthy for use in trend-tracking before 1967.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 278 REFERENCES

The New Economy: what the concept owes to the OECD

Productivity and Academic Position in the Scientific Career

This paper examines the interrelationship between scientific productivity and academic position, two key dimensions of the scientific career. Contrary to the results of most earlier studies, the

The Social Function of Science

FOUR years ago a series of essays under the title “The Frustration of Science”, to which Prof. J. D. Bernal himself contributed one on “Science and Industry”, bore witness to the sense of social

Scientific Productivity and the Reward Structure of Science

Regression analyses of longitudinal data for a probability sample of chemists provide estimates of the causal links between chemists' predoctoral training, early productivity, recognition and

Science, accounting and statistics: The input–output framework

Scientists in Organizations: Productive Climates for Research and Development

Montréal. Il a pour mission la promotion et la valorisation de la recherche. Érudit offre des services d'édition numérique de documents scientifiques depuis 1998. Note : les règles d'écriture des

Organizational Context and Scientific Productivity

An earlier study found that while a scientist's productivity does not affect the prestige of the academic position obtained, the prestige of the position does affect later productivity. In this paper

The Level of Inventive Activity

Forty-six years ago when various social theories, pregnant with nineteenth century optimism, postulated a continuous increase in the rate of discovery and invention, a Swedish scholar noted that the

Age and Scientific Performance

  • S. Cole
  • Geology
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1979
The long-standing belief that age is negatively associated with scientific productivity and creativity is shown to be based upon incorrect analysis of data. Analysis of data from a cross-section of

Inventing Ourselves Out of Jobs?: America's Debate over Technological Unemployment, 1929–1981

Americans today often associate scientific and technological change with progress and personal well-being. Yet underneath our confident assumptions lie serious questions. In Inventing Ourselves Out
...