The value of intravascular ultrasound in the treatment of central venous obstructions in hemodialysis patients.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) is the gold standard in diagnosis and treatment of central venous obstructions (CVOs) in hemodialysis access. However, growing data suggest that DSA might underestimate the degree and morphology of venous outflow stenosis. This could lead to inappropriate CVO management. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has… (More)
DOI: 10.5301/jva.5000536

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