The value of estuarine and coastal ecosystem services

  title={The value of estuarine and coastal ecosystem services},
  author={Edward B. Barbier and Sally D. Hacker and Chris J. Kennedy and Evamaria W. Koch and Adrian C. Stier and Brian R. Silliman},
  journal={Ecological Monographs},
The global decline in estuarine and coastal ecosystems (ECEs) is affecting a number of critical benefits, or ecosystem services. We review the main ecological services across a variety of ECEs, including marshes, mangroves, nearshore coral reefs, seagrass beds, and sand beaches and dunes. Where possible, we indicate estimates of the key economic values arising from these services, and discuss how the natural variability of ECEs impacts their benefits, the synergistic relationships of ECEs… 

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