The value of cytology in the diagnosis of pleural effusions.

  title={The value of cytology in the diagnosis of pleural effusions.},
  author={Cuneyt Tetikkurt and Burak Yavuz Kara and Seza Tetikkurt and Nail Yılmaz and I. Yasar and Rian Dişçi},
  journal={British journal of medicine and medical research},
The aim of this study is to assess the value of cytology in the diagnosis of pleural effusions. It is a retrospective review of the patients with pleural effusions admitted at our clinic in a 8-year period. We evaluated the cytological and diagnostic results of 470 patients. Male to female ratio was 3:1 with a mean age of 38.6 years (range 18-76 years). Samples were processed and evaluated according to the standard methods. Cytology results were reviewed and the patients were stratified… 
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Exfoliative cytology provides high a final diagnostic yield for the identification of an exudative pleural effusion etiology and leads the clinician into the correct diagnostic pathway as the most informative laboratory tool even when it was not diagnostic by itself for equivocal cases.
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In this paper, we consider the results of thoracoscopy in a busy thoracic unit where the referring physicians place their greatest emphasis upon simple standard investigation of pleural disease.
Cells in pleural fluid and their value in differential diagnosis
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It is found that pleural tuberculosis has become a disease of older adults and that 19 percent (5/26) of the cases were due to postprimary (reactivation) disease.
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Because only 50% of patients with cancer who develop a pleural effusion during their clinical course have a MPE, careful evaluation of the effusion to establish its aetiology is required to direct therapy.
Cytology of serous effusions. An investigation into the usefulness of cell blocks versus smears.
Approximately half of 351 body-cavity effusions from 263 patients were examined prospectively in paraffin-embedded cell blocks and in smears, while the other half were examined in smears alone. The
Cells in pleural fluid. Their value in differential diagnosis.
Pleural fluid cytological studies showed malignant cells in 33 of 43 patients with effusions due to tumor, and more than 50% of the effusions with originally inconclusive pleuralflu cytological findings were proved to be due to neoplasm.
Pleural effusion adenosine deaminase (ADA) level and occult tuberculous pleurisy.
Occult tuberculous Pleurisy is significantly common in patients with pleural effusion ADA levels of 50 IU/L or less and who may otherwise be diagnosed with nonspecific pleurisy.
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[Undiagnosed pleural effusion].
Alternative methods and invasive procedures shall be used aiming to determine the etiology of the undiagnosed pleural effusions and institute the most appropriate therapeutics.