The usefulness of electrical stimulation for assessing pedicle screw placements.

@article{Toleikis2000TheUO,
  title={The usefulness of electrical stimulation for assessing pedicle screw placements.},
  author={J. Richard Toleikis and Jerome Philip Skelly and A. O Carlvin and Sandra Toleikis and Thomas L. Bernard and J. Kenneth Burkus and Michele Burr and John D. Dorchak and Matthew S. Goldman and T. R. S. Walsh},
  journal={Journal of spinal disorders},
  year={2000},
  volume={13 4},
  pages={
          283-9
        }
}
The purpose of this study was to further establish the efficacy of pedicle screw stimulation as a monitoring technique to avoid nerve root injury during screw placement. The study population consisted of 662 patients in whom 3,409 pedicle screws were placed and tested by electrical stimulation. If stimulation resulted in a myogenic response at a stimulation intensity of 10 mA or less, the placement of the screw was inspected. Inspection was necessary for 3.9% of the screw placements in 15.4% of… CONTINUE READING
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