The use of surgical lasers in exotic and avian practice.

  title={The use of surgical lasers in exotic and avian practice.},
  author={Agnes E Rupley and Terri Parrott-Nenezian},
  journal={The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice},
  volume={32 3},
Use of diode laser energy with fiberoptic endoscopic delivery in exotic animal and avian practice offers a minimally invasive method for performing specific surgical procedures. Trauma and blood loss are minimized, but the absorption characteristics of the diode laser wavelengths (805/980 nm) must be considered to avoid potential postoperative complications due to collateral photothermal coagulative necrosis. 

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