The use of social networking sites, body image dissatisfaction, and body dysmorphic disorder: A systematic review of psychological research.

@inproceedings{Ryding2020TheUO,
  title={The use of social networking sites, body image dissatisfaction, and body dysmorphic disorder: A systematic review of psychological research.},
  author={Francesca C. Ryding and Daria J. Kuss},
  year={2020}
}
The escalation of social networking site (SNS) usage has led to much research examining both the positive and negative implications SNS can have on well-being. However, whilst many studies have investigated the relationship between SNS usage and body image, there remains a paucity of research in regards to SNS usage and Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). A systematic search was undertaken using Web of Science, PsychInfo and PubMed databases to identify SNS usage and patterns, SNS features and… 
The Relationship Between SNS Usage and Disordered Eating Behaviors: A Meta-Analysis
TLDR
It is confirmed that the excessive use of SNSs is associated with an increased risks of disordered eating behaviors.
Social Media Use and Body Dissatisfaction in Adolescents: The Moderating Role of Thin- and Muscular-Ideal Internalisation
Internalisation of appearance ideals moderates the relationship between exposure to media images and body dissatisfaction. To date, the role of thin- and muscular-ideal internalisation in the context
The association between social media addiction and eating disturbances is mediated by muscle dysmorphia-related symptoms: a cross-sectional study in a sample of young adults
TLDR
The findings support the possibility that MD-related symptoms play a relevant role in mediating the association between SMA severity and ED pathology and support the hypothesis that exposure to idealized very thin and toned body images on social media might represent a trigger for EDs.
Bonding With Parents, Body Image, and Sociocultural Attitudes Toward Appearance as Predictors of Eating Disorders Among Young Girls
TLDR
Statistical analysis showed that bonding with parents, body image, and sociocultural attitudes toward appearance are predictors of eating disorder risks, while maternal and paternal care, positive fitness evaluation, positive appearance evaluation, and satisfaction with one's body were found to be the most significant protective factors.
Socio-Cultural Standards Promoted by the Mass Media as Predictors of Restrictive and Bulimic Behavior
TLDR
The statistical analysis showed that the variables related to body image do not play the role of intermediary variables and the pressure of sociocultural standards of body image and physical appearance had the strongest and most direct effect on the development of restrictive eating behavior and appeared to negatively affect body image in women.
The Shackles of The Mirror? - A Case Study on Body Dysmorphic Disorder
TLDR
This case study justifies the need for studies to be done in India to identify Body dysmorphic disorder using various scales like Body image concern inventory, etc.
Targeting the link between social media and eating disorder risk: A randomized controlled pilot study.
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a self-criticism intervention addressing the link between appearance-motivated social media use and eating disorder
Perceived Challenges and Online Harms from Social Media Use on a Severity Continuum: A Qualitative Psychological Stakeholder Perspective
TLDR
It is indicated that processes underlying impacts experienced by adolescents may be conceptualized on a severity continuum and a consideration of a spectrum approach encompassing a broader range of potential psychological challenges and perceived harms beyond safety concerns and addiction in understanding problematic adolescent online experiences.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 73 REFERENCES
Comparative effects of Facebook and conventional media on body image dissatisfaction
TLDR
It is recommended that interventions for body image dissatisfaction and eating disorders consider appearance comparison processes elicited by thin-ideal content on social media forums, such as Facebook, in addition to conventional media.
Depression among Users of Social Networking Sites (SNSs): The Role of SNS Addiction and Increased Usage
Background: Previous literature suggests that increased usage of social networking sites (SNSs) can have a detrimental effect on mental wellbeing [1,2]. Furthermore, increased SNS usage has been
Facebook Photo Activity Associated with Body Image Disturbance in Adolescent Girls
TLDR
Elevated appearance exposure, but not overall FB usage, was significantly correlated with weight dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, thin ideal internalization, and self-objectification, and implications for eating disorder prevention programs and best practices in researching SNSs are discussed.
Excessive Time on Social Networking Sites and Disordered Eating Behaviors Among Undergraduate Students: Appearance and Weight Esteem as Mediating Pathways
TLDR
Intervention research is needed to determine if teaching undergraduate students more adaptive ways of using SNS or reducing exposure to SNS reduces body dissatisfaction and disordered eating in this high-risk population.
...
...