Corpus ID: 12124691

The use of shock collars and their impact on the welfare of dogs : A review of the current literature

  title={The use of shock collars and their impact on the welfare of dogs : A review of the current literature},
  author={Emily Jayne Blackwell and Rachel A. Casey},
There is a wide range of different methods currently in use in dog training. The techniques are based upon operant conditioning, which is the process of learning whereby the animal forms an association between an action and the consequence to it of doing that action. Reinforcement of a behaviour means that the likelihood of the target behaviour being shown again is increased. Reinforcement can be positive or negative positive reinforcement is where the behaviour increases due to the addition of… Expand
Efficacy of Dog Training With and Without Remote Electronic Collars vs. a Focus on Positive Reinforcement
It is suggested that there is no evidence to indicate that E-collar training is necessary, even for its most widely cited indication, and training with positive reinforcement was found to be more effective at addressing the target behavior as well as general obedience training. Expand
The Welfare Consequences and Efficacy of Training Pet Dogs with Remote Electronic Training Collars in Comparison to Reward Based Training
There is no consistent benefit to be gained from e-collar training but greater welfare concerns compared with positive reward based training, and owners of dogs trained using e-collars were less confident of applying the training approach demonstrated. Expand
The Effects of Reward-Based Training on the Behavioral Assessment of the Domestic Dog
Contrary to popular belief, pet overpopulation is caused more by owners failing to keep their dog than with accidental or intentional breeding (Moulton et al., 1991). Factors related toExpand
Partial rewarding during clicker training does not improve naïve dogs’ learning speed and induces a pessimistic-like affective state
Partial rewarding does not improve training efficacy, but it is associated with a negatively valenced affective state, bringing support to the hypothesis that partial rewarding might negatively affect dogs’ welfare. Expand
raining methods and owner – dog interactions : Links with dog ehaviour and learning ability icola
The methods by which owners train their pet dogs range widely, with some exclusively using rewards, and others using a combination, or only punishment-based methods. This paper examines links betweenExpand
The use of electronic collars for training domestic dogs: estimated prevalence, reasons and risk factors for use, and owner perceived success as compared to other training methods
For a population matched by reason for training method use, characteristics of dogs, including occurrence of undesired behaviours do not appear to distinguish between training methods, and owner gender and attendance at training classes appear more important, although explaining a relatively small amount of variance between groups. Expand
Training Methods and Dog-Owner Interaction as a Public Health Risk Factor for Dog Bites.
In conclusion, the article from Matthias et al. (2015) brings a worthwhile addition to the knowledge and understanding to a research area that is in great need of scientific rigour and peer-reviewed discussion. Expand
Training Methods and Dog–Owner Interaction as a Public Health Risk Factor for Dog Bites
In conclusion, the article from Matthias et al. (2015) brings a worthwhile addition to the knowledge and understanding to a research area that is in great need of scientific rigour and peer-reviewed discussion. Expand
School-Based Dogs, their Use and Effectiveness: A Phenomenological Study
According to the research, full-time school-based dogs can contribute significantly to a positive environment as well as have a positive impact on children and young people’s social and emotionalExpand
Questionnaire survey on the use of different e‐collar types in France in everyday life with a view to providing recommendations for possible future regulations
&NA; Training with electronic collars/e‐collars (e‐stim, shock) is controversial, and regulations concerning electric collars vary from absence to bans across European countries. The main goal ofExpand


Training dogs with help of the shock collar: short and long term behavioural effects
Behavioural effects of the use of a shock collar during guard dog training of German shepherd dogs were studied. Direct reactions of 32 dogs to 107 shocks showed reactions (lowering of body posture,Expand
Behavioural changes and aversive conditioning in hunting dogs by the second-year confrontation with domestic sheep.
The second-year tests indicate that aversive conditioning with the use of electronic dog collar may be an efficient method for reducing the probability of a dog chasing or attacking grazing sheep. Expand
Dog training methods: their use, effectiveness and interaction with behaviour and welfare
Historically, pet dogs were trained using mainly negative reinforcement or punishment, but positive reinforcement using rewards has recently become more popular. The methods used may have differentExpand
Species-specific defense reactions and avoidance learning.
The prevailing theories of avoidance learning and the procedures that are usually used to study it seem to be totally out of touch with what is known about how animals defend themselves in nature.Expand
Shock elicited aggression by human subjects.
This study investigated the response of human Ss to aversive stimuli by placing them in a situation in which they would receive shocks, but had the opportunity to retaliate by delivering an equivalent shock to the S that had shocked them. Expand
Effects of inescapable shock upon subsequent escape and avoidance responding.
Exposure of dogs to inescapable shocks under a variety of conditions reliably interfered with subsequent instrumental escape-avoidance responding in a new situation, indicating that interference is not due to acquisition, during the period of exposure to in unavoidable shocks, of inappropriate, competing instrumental responses. Expand
The treatment of phobias in the dog
Abstract Since 1992 the authors have been compiling a casebook of detailed histories of canine phobia. As the work progressed modifications were made to the diagnostic criteria of anxiety in the dog.Expand
On unpredictability as a causal factor in “learned helplessness”
Abstract In two replications, two groups of dogs were exposed to a series of uncontrollable, electric shocks. For one group the shocks were preceded by a tone (i.e., Paired). For the other group theExpand
Failure to escape traumatic shock.
Dogs which had first learned to panel press in a harness in order to escape shock subsequently showed normal acquisition of escape/ avoidance behavior in a shuttle box, supporting a learned "helplessness" explanation of interference with escape responding. Expand
Performing under pressure: stress and cognitive function
Abstract The way in which cognitive functioning is affected by stressors is an important area of research for applied ethologists because stress caused by captive conditions may disrupt cognitiveExpand