The use of multiple cues in mate choice

  title={The use of multiple cues in mate choice},
  author={Ulrika Candolin},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
  • U. Candolin
  • Published 1 November 2003
  • Psychology
  • Biological Reviews
An increasing number of studies find females to base their mate choice on several cues. Why this occurs is debated and many different hypotheses have been proposed. Here I review the hypotheses and the evidence in favour of them. At the same time I provide a new categorisation based on the adaptiveness of the preferences and the information content of the cues. A few comparative and empirical studies suggest that most multiple cues are Fisherian attractiveness cues or uninformative cues that… 
The Evolution of Female Preferences for Multiple Indicators of Quality
This work develops a model in which the ornaments act as signals for distinct quality components and identifies parallels between Fisherian and good‐genes mechanisms for the evolution of multipleOrnaments.
Towards an information-processing theory of mate choice
Female preference for multiple condition–dependent components of a sexually selected signal
In field crickets, experimentally investigated the female preference to variation in two key components of the male calling song: carrier frequency and chirp rate, indicating that females integrate information from independent condition–dependent cues to discriminate between available males in mate–choice decisions.
Mate preference for multiple cues: interplay between male and nest size in the sand goby, Pomatoschistus minutus
It is found that neither body size nor size of the nest alone affected male attractiveness, but together these 2 cues had a significant effect, and large males were more popular among females when they had a large nest than when they occupied a small nest.
Comparative evaluation and its implications for mate choice.
Odour influences whether females learn to prefer or to avoid wing patterns of male butterflies


Search Theory and Mate Choice. I. Models of Single-Sex Discrimination
  • L. Real
  • Business
    The American Naturalist
  • 1990
This paper compares the expected fitness consequences of two alternative decision-making strategies: a best-of-n strategy ( whereby searching individuals choose the best mate from a sample of size n) and a strategy based on sequential sampling (whereby the searching individual establishes a critical mate quality and continues searching until encountering a mate at or above this quality).
Multiple Displays in Animal Communication:`Backup Signals' and `Multiple Messages'
A new game-theoretical model of signalling is described, in which signallers may use more than one display to advertise their qualities, and multiple signals are shown to be stable, even when multiple receiver preferences entail significant costs.
Mate choice as an information gathering process under time constraint: implications for behaviour and signal design
Abstract Abstract. Time is an important component of the cost of mate choice. The time available for mate assessment varies across and within populations and species of birds, and other taxa. If mate
Should Attractive Individuals Court More? Theory and a Test
The theory and data suggest that positive or negative correlations between sexually selected traits will depend on how costs and benefits interact with one another, and how changing environmental conditions could influence the distribution of matings within a population and impede the coevolution of mate choice and individual sexually selected trait.
Female choice in sage grouse: the roles of attraction and active comparison
  • R. Gibson
  • Psychology, Biology
    Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
  • 1996
Stages in the choice process at which specific components of male courtship display influence female decisions were investigated using field observations of female pre-mating behavior, suggesting that attraction and active choice may impose conflicting selection pressures on display performance.
Costs and Benefits of Female Mate Choice: Is There a Lek Paradox?
It is argued that, although females are expected to pay lower costs in noneconomic mating systems, this need not translate into examining fewer males or spending less time in this activity, and there may be no lek paradox.
The sexual selection continuum
A general model of female choice for indirect benefits that captures the essence of both the ‘Fisherian’ and ‘good genes’ models is built and all versions of the model point to a single process that favours female preference for males siring offspring of high reproductive value.
It is concluded that sexual‐selection studies have paid far less attention to variation among females than to variations among males, and that there is still much to learn about how females choose males and why different females make different choices.
Genetic compatibility, mate choice and patterns of parentage: Invited Review
There is growing interest in the possibility that genetic compatibility may drive mate choice, including gamete choice, particularly from the perspective of understanding why females frequently mate with more than one male, and whether there is any evidence for mate choice driven by these factors.
Mate choice on multiple cues, decision rules and sampling strategies in female pied flycatchers
The mate sampling behaviour and mate choice of 125 individually marked female pied flycatchers, Ficedula hypoleuca, was recorded with video cameras and shows that females compare and choose mates on the basis of at least three different cues, and that most females are able to pick out the best or one of the best males among those sampled.