The use of measurements of soil mineral N in understanding the response of crops to fertilizer nitrogen in intensive cropping rotations

  title={The use of measurements of soil mineral N in understanding the response of crops to fertilizer nitrogen in intensive cropping rotations},
  author={Clive R. Rahn and Carolyn Paterson and Lalitha Vaidyanathan},
  journal={The Journal of Agricultural Science},
  pages={345 - 356}
The effects on succeeding crops of nitrogen in residues returned to the soil of brassica vegetable crops (Brassica oleracea) were studied on a nitrogen-retentive silt loam soil at Horticulture Research International, Kirton, Lincolnshire, UK. A sequence of four crops was started in 1988 and again in 1989. In the first sequence, two successive cauliflower crops (Brassica oleracea cv. botrytis L.), crops 1 and 2 in the first year, were followed by Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea cv. Gemmifera… 


Swiss chard is recognized as valuable leafy vegetable species with short grow- ing period suitable for cultivation as forecrop and aftercrop in crop rotation .Till now is still a minor crop in Poland

Suitability of some nitrogen fertilizers for the cultivation of early cabbage.

Early cabbage was grown in a field experiment in two treatments, with and without weed control, to test the following fertilizers: ammonium nitrate and Entec 26-a, a new formula nitrogen fertilizer

Nitrogen mineralization, plant uptake and nitrate leaching following the incorporation of (15N)-labeled cauliflower crop residues (Brassica oleracea) into the soil: a 3-year lysimeter study

A 3-year field lysimeter experiment was performed to determine transformations of 15N-labeled cauliflower (Brassica oleracea) residues incorporated into lysimeter topsoil in a potato (Solanum

Effects of nitrogen fertiliser on potato (Solanum tuberosum L., cv. Russet Burbank) in Tasmania. 2. Petiole and soil analysis

Petiole nitrate-nitrogen concentrations in the youngest fully expanded leaves were found to be an indicator of nitrogen status and various soil nitrogen measures did not adequately explain variation in crop nitrogen responsiveness and could not be recommended as diagnostic or predictive tests.

Nitrate leaching from arable and horticultural land

Abstract. Arable crops in the UK make a large contribution to nitrate leaching by virtue of the land area they cover (>4.5 million ha). By contrast horticultural crops occupy only a small area (< 0.2

Nitrogen balance during growth of cauliflower

Winter nitrate leaching losses from three land uses in the Pukekohe area of New Zealand

Abstract The effects of three different land uses (dairy grazing, winter potatoes, and winter greens [spinach, cauliflower or cabbage] production) on soil mineral N contents and nitrate leaching

Performance of Different Varieties of Cauliflower (Brassica Oleracea Var. Botrytis) Under Different Level of Nitrogen Application in Ultisols of Lamjung Nepal

The findings of this study showed that the soil application of N showed significant result at leaf chlorophyll content and curd weight of cauliflower, which was significantly higher at 120kgha-1 nitrogen level as compared to other level of nitrogen.

Aspects of nitrogen use efficiency of cauliflower II. Productivity and nitrogen partitioning as influenced by N supply

An integrated simulation model for the cauliflower/soil system is constructed, parameterized and evaluated and Nitrogen uptake and partitioning of cauliflower was simulated using functions describing an organ size dependent decline of N content.

Fate of Nitrogen from Artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L. var. scolymus (L.)) Crop Residues: A Review and Lysimeter Study

A break crop should be introduced after the first and second harvests of artichoke to further synchronize N mineralization and uptake and reduce leaching risk during the rotation and increasing N-recycling efficiency and reducing the risk of N leaching while conserving crop productivity.

Effects of fertilizer nitrogen on soil nitrogen availability after a grazed grass ley and on the response of the following cereal crops to fertilizer nitrogen

SUMMARY Nitrogen nutrition of two succeeding wheat crops was studied after ploughing of grassland in July 1987 on a clay soil at ADAS Drayton. The four plots of grassland had received 100, 250, 450

Measurement of soil mineral nitrogen to predict the response of winter wheat to fertilizer nitrogen after applications of organic manures or after ploughed-out grass

  • M. Shepherd
  • Environmental Science
    The Journal of Agricultural Science
  • 1993
SUMMARY In the autumns of 1985, 1986 and 1987, a total of 84 fields in England and Wales, which had received a recent dressing of organic manure or had recently been ploughed out of grass, was

An investigation of the relationship between soil mineral nitrogen in the autumn or spring and optimum nitrogen rate for winter cereals

. Data from 143 nitrogen (N) response trials on winter cereals carried out at sites across England during the period 1981–1988 were reviewed. Linear regression models for the relationship between

Prediction of nitrogen fertilizer requirement with the HRI WELL-N computer model

HRI WELL-N is an easy to use computer model, which can predict crop nitrogen requirements for a wide range of agricultural and horticultural crops.

Techniques used in vegetable variety performance trials . 1 . Brassica crops

  • Soils and their Use in Eastern England . Soil Survey of England and Wales , Bulletin No . 13 , 1984 . Harpenden : Soil Survey of England and Wales .
  • 1985

Nitrogen residues from brassica crops

  • Aspects of Applied Biology 30, Nitrate and Farming Systems,
  • 1992

Descriptive List of Varieties of Cauliflowers Grown in NIAB Trials . Vegetable Growers Leaflet No . 1 . Cambridge : NIAB

  • Descriptive List of Varieties of Brussels Sprouts Grown in NIAB Trials . Vegetable Growers Leaflet No . 3

Soils and their Use in Eastern England

  • Soil Survey of England and Wales, Bulletin No
  • 1984