The use of botulinum toxin type A in aesthetic mandibular contouring.

@article{Kim2005TheUO,
  title={The use of botulinum toxin type A in aesthetic mandibular contouring.},
  author={N Y Kim and Jee-Hyeok Chung and Rho-Hyuk Park and Jong-Beum Park},
  journal={Plastic and reconstructive surgery},
  year={2005},
  volume={115 3},
  pages={919-30}
}
The lower third of Asian faces is wider than that of Caucasians and it is determined by the size and width of the mandibular bone and the thickness of muscles and subcutaneous fat tissues surrounding it. Efforts to create an aesthetically slim and smooth facial contour line in nonobese people have led the authors to focus on two approaches: surgical resection of the masseteric muscle and modeling ostectomy of the square-angled mandibular bone. Because these procedures present some problems, the… CONTINUE READING
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