The use of an evolutionary scheme for cauliflowers in the screening of genetic resources

@article{Crisp2004TheUO,
  title={The use of an evolutionary scheme for cauliflowers in the screening of genetic resources},
  author={Peter Crisp},
  journal={Euphytica},
  year={2004},
  volume={31},
  pages={725-734}
}
  • P. Crisp
  • Published 1 December 1982
  • Biology
  • Euphytica
SummaryA hypothetical scheme is given for the evolution of the different types of cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis L.). This has been useful in identifying sources of reduced susceptibility to cabbage root fly (Delia radicum (L.)), and may also be useful in the search for reduced susceptibility to clubroot (Plasmodiophora brassicae Woron.). It is argued that knowledge of the phylogeny of types within each crop species is of great importance in the exploitation of genetic resources. 
The exploitation of genetic resources of Brassica oleracea in breeding for resistance to clubroot (Plasmodiophora brassicae)
TLDR
Most other accessions were highly susceptible but lower levels of susceptibility were observed in open pollinated Brussels sprouts and forms of south European cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli.
Genetic Transformation of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var.botrytis) using Agrobacterium Tumefaciens as a Vector for Improved Stress Resistance
TLDR
A procedure for detection of the presence of insert DNA in recombinant plasmids in individual Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain was refined and the gene cassette was optimize by using PCR.
Evolution of cauliflower types grown in Great Britain as indicated by the isoenzyme composition of the cauliflower curds
TLDR
The enzymes examined showed evolutionary divergence of the cauliflower types during the selection for different times of development as well as different numbers of isoenzymes depending upon which of the three main groups of cauliflower cultivars were used.
Breeding Cauliflower: A Review
TLDR
The rapidly growing knowledge of advance tools of parental line development, molecular markers, and biotechnological techniques will provide enhanced precision and extend options to support future cauliflower breeding programs.
The distribution of BoCAL-a alleles in Brassica oleracea is consistent with a genetic model for curd development and domestication of the cauliflower
TLDR
A genetic model based on segregation of recessive alleles at specific, mapped loci of the candidate genes BoCAL and BoAP1 suggests that the cauliflower curd arose in southern Italy from a heading Calabrese broccoli via an intermediate Sicilian crop type.
Using molecular allelic variation to understand domestication processes and conserve diversity in Brassica crops
TLDR
An example of how variation at a small number of loci requires careful interpretation in the context of crop domestication is outlined, and the results indicate that it is important to consider the effect of strong selection for crop type on genetic erosion of loco linked in coupling to genes underlying the crop phenotype.
Diversity of Sicilian broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) and cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) landraces and their distinctive bio-morphological, antioxidant, and genetic traits
TLDR
This work characterized a set of broccoli and cauliflower landraces and F1 hybrids, traditionally grown in Sicily, an important evolution center for both crops, on the basis of biochemical and biomorphological parameters to offer new parameters to delineate discriminant traits between the two crops.
Evaluation of French Brassica oleracea landraces for resistance to Plasmodiophora brassicae
TLDR
Two lines selected from a resistant kale population were highly resistant against a large range of pathotypes of the pathogen and presented a sufficient level of resistance to be directly useful in the breeding program in order to develop cauliflower and broccoli hybrids resistant to clubroot.
A Review of Hybrid Cauliflower Development
TLDR
In cauliflower, F1 hybrids have been found advantageous for earliness, high early and total yield, better curd quality with respect to compactness and color, uniform maturity, resistance to insect pest, diseases and unfavorable weather conditions.
The origins of edible brassicas
TLDR
The evolution in cultivation of the two species, Brassica oleracea and B. rapa, which in parallel developed similar forms of edible plants are examined.
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