The use by wasps, bees and spiders of shells of Trigonephrus Pilsb. (Mollusca: Gasteropoda: Dorcasiidae) in desertic winter-rainfall areas in southern Africa

@article{Gess1999TheUB,
  title={The use by wasps, bees and spiders of shells of Trigonephrus Pilsb. (Mollusca: Gasteropoda: Dorcasiidae) in desertic winter-rainfall areas in southern Africa},
  author={F. W. Gess and S. Gess},
  journal={Journal of Arid Environments},
  year={1999},
  volume={43},
  pages={143-153}
}
Abstract The use of snail shells in desertic areas in the winter-rainfall region of southern Africa was investigated. Principal users are: spiders constructing silk-bag nests; megachilid-bees, species of Wainia (Wainia) (Osmiini), Hoplitis (Anthocopa) (Osmiini) and Afranthidium (Oranthidium) (Anthidiini), and a eumenine-wasp constructing nests within empty shells utilizing nesting materials brought in; and two masarine-wasps, Quartinia spp., excavating nesting burrows stabilized with self… Expand
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Weather and the use of empty gastropod shells by arthropods
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