The upper airway in sleep: physiology of the pharynx.

@article{Ayappa2003TheUA,
  title={The upper airway in sleep: physiology of the pharynx.},
  author={Indu A Ayappa and David M Rapoport},
  journal={Sleep medicine reviews},
  year={2003},
  volume={7 1},
  pages={9-33}
}
The upper airway is the primary conduit for passage of air into the lungs. Its physiology has been the subject of intensive study: both passive mechanical and active neural influences contribute to its patency and collapsibility. Different models can be used to explain behavior of the upper airway, including the "balance of forces" (airway suction pressure during inspiration versus upper airway dilator tone) and the Starling resistor mechanical model. As sleep is the primary state change… CONTINUE READING

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