The unruly power grid

  title={The unruly power grid},
  author={Peter Fairley},
  journal={IEEE Spectrum},
  • P. Fairley
  • Published 1 August 2004
  • Engineering
  • IEEE Spectrum
Most experts agree that the major blackout that affected a large part of the North American upper Midwest and Northeast last August 14, 2003, was no anomaly and will definitely happen again. Records show that between 1984 and 2000, utilities logged 11 outages affecting more than 4000 megawatts, making the probability of any one outage 325 times greater than mathematicians would have expected. Mathematicians, engineers, and physicists have set out to explain the statistical overabundance of big… 

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