The underrepresentation of women in science: differential commitment or the queen bee syndrome?

@article{Ellemers2004TheUO,
  title={The underrepresentation of women in science: differential commitment or the queen bee syndrome?},
  author={Naomi Ellemers and Henriette van den Heuvel and Dick de Gilder and Anne Maass and Alessandra Bonvini},
  journal={The British journal of social psychology},
  year={2004},
  volume={43 Pt 3},
  pages={
          315-38
        }
}
We examined possible explanations for the underrepresentation of women among university faculty, in two different national contexts. In the Netherlands, a sample of doctoral students (N = 132) revealed no gender differences in work commitment or work satisfaction. Faculty members in the same university (N = 179), however, perceived female students to be less committed to their work and female faculty endorsed these gender-stereotypical perceptions most strongly. A second study, in Italy… 
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