The uncanny advantage of using androids in cognitive and social science research

  title={The uncanny advantage of using androids in cognitive and social science research},
  author={Karl F. MacDorman and Hiroshi Ishiguro},
  journal={Interaction Studies},
The development of robots that closely resemble human beings can contribute to cognitive research. An android provides an experimental apparatus that has the potential to be controlled more precisely than any human actor. However, preliminary results indicate that only very humanlike devices can elicit the broad range of responses that people typically direct toward each other. Conversely, to build androids capable of emulating human behavior, it is necessary to investigate social activity in… 
Introduction to the special issue on android science
For many kinds of experiments, an android offers a good balance between experimental control and ecological validity because it looks more human than other devices and can support more humanlike interaction while still being precisely controllable.
The social body in motion: cognitive development in infants and androids
It is argued that, in the human child, the interplay of social scaffolding and self-induced locomotion is fundamental to the development of joint attention and a ‘self’.
Android science: conscious and subconscious recognition
The framework of android science is proposed, the androids developed are introduced, and conscious and subconscious human recognition of these androIDS are discussed as a fundamental issue for android science.
The Use of Social Robots and the Uncanny Valley Phenomenon
Social robots are increasingly used in different areas of society such as public health, elderly care, education, and commerce. They have also been successfully employed in autism spectrum disorders
Android science and animal rights, does an analogy exist?
An analogy can be drawn with the animal rights movement suggesting that, with enough complexity, androids may lay claim to some moral status even though this may be less than what is required for legal personhood.
The relevance of intent to human-android strategic interaction and artificial consciousness
This paper considers how reasoning with intent in the context of human vs. android strategic interaction may offer a psychological benchmark with which to evaluate the human-likeness of android strategic responses.
Autistic traits and sensitivity to human-like features of robot behavior
This study examined individual differences in sensitivity to human-like features of a robot’s behavior. The paradigm comprised a non-verbal Turing test with a humanoid robot. A “programmed” condition
Too Human To Be a Machine? Social robots, anthropomorphic appearance, and concerns on the negative impact of this technology on humans and their identity.
In this thesis I will talk about social robots, their appearance, and people’s concerns about potential negative impacts that social robotics technology could have on humans and their identity. The
Infant discrimination of humanoid robots
It is suggested that 6- to 14-month-olds are unable to discriminate between the human and the android, although they can distinguish the mechanical robot from the human.
At the Café—Exploration and Analysis of People’s Nonverbal Behavior Toward an Android
Current studies investigating natural human–robot interaction (HRI) in the field concentrate on the analysis of automatically assessed data (e.g., interaction times). What is missing to date is a


Does Gaze Reveal the Human Likeness of an Android?
The development of androids that closely resemble human beings enables as to investigate many phenomena related to human interaction that could not otherwise be investigated with mechanical-looking
Androids as an Experimental Apparatus: Why Is There an Uncanny Valley and Can We Exploit It?
Abstract. It seems natural to assume that the more It seems natural to assume that the more closely robots come to resemble people, the more likely they are to elicit the kinds of responses people
Toward social mechanisms of android science
Toward Social Mechanisms of Android Science was the first workshop at which researchers from various disciplines joined to discuss the application of very humanlike robots to the study of interaction
Generating natural motion in an android by mapping human motion
A method to implement motions that look human by mapping their three-dimensional appearance from a human performer to the android and then evaluating the verisimilitude of the visible motions using a motion capture system is proposed.
Robot Science Meets Social Science : An Embodied Computational Model of Social Referencing
Social referencing is the tendency to use the emotional reaction of another to help form one's own affective appraisal of a novel situation, which is then used to guide subsequent behavior. It is an
What baboons, babies and Tetris players tell us about interaction: a biosocial view of norm-based social learning
Since androids can elicit epistemic actions, engineers need to develop an affect–sensitive interface, and even rudimentary co-action may prompt people to report experiencing androIDS as both making choices and violating expectations.
Assessing Human Likeness by Eye Contact in an Android Testbed
Assessing Human Likeness by Eye Contact in an Android Testbed Karl F. MacDorman, 1,2 Takashi Minato, 1 Michihiro Shimada, 1 Shoji Itakura, 3 Stephen Cowley, 4 and Hiroshi Ishiguro 1,5 Department of
Interactive Robots as Social Partners and Peer Tutors for Children: A Field Trial
The proposition that robots could form relationships with children and that children might learn from robots as they learn from other children is examined, and results suggest that interactive robots should be designed to have something in common with their users, providing a social as well as technical challenge.
Visual analysis of gait as a cue to identity
The present results suggest that gait could be used as a reliable means of discriminating between individuals, and the importance of such an identity cue, in conditions in which the face is obscured, are discussed.