The umbilical cord: normal parameters.

@article{Ente1991TheUC,
  title={The umbilical cord: normal parameters.},
  author={Gerald Ente and Paul H. Penzer},
  journal={Journal of the Royal Society of Health},
  year={1991},
  volume={111 4},
  pages={
          138-40
        }
}
The average length of the umbilical cord is 50-60 cm in the normal full term newborn infant. The length of the cord is an index of foetal activity and is dependent on the tension caused by the freely moving foetus, primarily during the second trimester. The short cord is associated with foetal akinesis or maldevelopment of the central nervous system and is a significant early marker of developmental abnormalities including Down syndrome. Abnormal girth of the cord should make one suspicious of… CONTINUE READING
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