The two disciplines of scientific psychology.

@article{Cronbach1957TheTD,
  title={The two disciplines of scientific psychology.},
  author={Lee Joseph Cronbach},
  journal={American Psychologist},
  year={1957},
  volume={12},
  pages={671-684}
}
  • L. Cronbach
  • Published 1 November 1957
  • Psychology
  • American Psychologist
NO man can be acquainted with all of psychology today, as our convention program proves. The scene resembles that of a circus, but a circus grander and more bustling than any Barnum ever envisioned—a veritable week-long diet of excitement and pink lemonade. Three days of smartly paced performance are required just to display the new tricks the animal trainers have taught their charges. We admire the agile paperreaders swinging high above us in the theoretical blue, saved from disaster by only a… 
The Growth of a Unified Scientific Psychology
It is suggested that all sciences pass through periods of demarcation difficulties, wherein science and superstition, fact and fiction, testable theory and arbitrary speculation confront each other.
History, science, and psychology
In 1877, James Ward and John Venn petitioned the University of Cambridge in England to have experimental psychology introduced as an academic discipline. The University Senate refused to do so on the
Marrying Intelligence and Cognition: A Developmental View
I suspect that many of the contributors to this volume are very gung ho about the progress that is being made in the many topics related to intelligence. I would also bet that most are especially
The Growth of a Unified Scientific Psychology Ordeal by Quackery
It is suggested that all sciences pass through periods of demarcation difficul­ ties, wherein science and superstition, fact and fiction, testable theory and arbitrary spec­ ulation confront each
Arousal and Personality
In my first book, Dimensions of Personality (Eysenck, 1947), I “took under my wing, tra la la, a most unattractive old thing, tra la la, with a caricature of a face”—to wit, the concept of
Creativity, Constitution, and Childhood
Toward the end of his complex presentation, Eysenck recalls Cronbach's (1957) statement that "'the two disciplines of scientific psychology'-namely, ... the experimental and the correlational" (one
Beyond the Two Disciplines of Scientific Psychology.
The historic separation of experimental psychology from the study of individual differences impeded psychological research, So I argued when last I had occasion to address the APA audience (Cronbach,
Psychology as science.
TLDR
The report outlines the needs of psychology as a scientific discipline, if it is to continue to flourish in Canada and to address major problems presently facing Canadian society.
Fads, fashions, and folderol in psychology.
TLDR
1 was faced suddenly with a plethora of fads, fashions, and folderol and the need to make some systematic sense of them.
Lessons from the Past
Nearly 40 years ago, Cronbach (1957) made an impassioned plea to merge the correlational (individual difference) and experimental (situational manipulation) traditions within psychology. This desire
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Dynamic Psychology
  • H. C.
  • Psychology
    Nature
  • 1918
THIS short course of lectures is designed to give an account of the distinctive character of the modern movement in psychology. It provides a sketch of the historical development of the science, and
Experimental Psychology
TWENTY years ago it was still possible to get the main results of the application of experiment to the problems of psychology within a reasonably small volume, and several excellent text-books were
The Psychology Of Intelligence
Think of developmental psychology, and the name of Jean Piaget immediately springs to mind. His theory of learning lies at the very heart of the modern understanding of the human learning process,
Reminiscence, drive, and personality theory.
  • H. Eysenck
  • Psychology
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1956
TLDR
Two independent dimensions of personality (neuroticism and extraversion-introversion) have been identified quantitatively and understood, the understanding of which would make possible the description and control of a considerable proportion of human behavior.
Construct validity in psychological tests.
TLDR
The present interpretation of construct validity is not "official" and deals with some areas where the Committee would probably not be unanimous, but the present writers are solely responsible for this attempt to explain the concept and elaborate its implications.
EFFECTS OF DRUGS ON MOTIVATION: THE VALUE OF USING A VARIETY OF MEASURES
  • N. Miller
  • Psychology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1956
TLDR
The possibility of increasing the knowledge of the central effects of drugs by combining the techniques of using implanted electrodes for electrical stimulation of the brain of the unanesthetized animal with the behavioral techniques for studying avoidance and also reward learning is pointed to.
Changes in factor structure of a complex psychomotor test as a function of practice
Scores obtained at eight different stages of practice on the Complex Coordination Test together with scores on 18 reference tests were subjected to a Thurstone Centroid Factor Analysis. Nine
Determination of parameters of a functional relation by factor analysis
Consideration is given to determination of parameters of a functional relation between two variables by the means of factor analysis techniques. If the function can be separated into a sum of
...
...