The trophic habits of early birds

  title={The trophic habits of early birds},
  author={Jingmai K. O’Connor},
  journal={Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology},
  • J. O’Connor
  • Published 1 January 2019
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology

Investigating Possible Gastroliths in a Referred Specimen of Bohaiornis guoi (Aves: Enantiornithes)

Gastroliths, where preserved, can provide indirect evidence regarding diet in extinct avian and non-avian dinosaurs. Masses of gastroliths consistent with the presence of a gastric mill are preserved

Mammal‐bearing gastric pellets potentially attributable to Troodon formosus at the Cretaceous Egg Mountain locality, Two Medicine Formation, Montana, USA

Fossil gastric pellets (regurgitalites) have distinct taphonomic characteristics that facilitate inferences of behavioural ecology in deep time, despite their rarity in the fossil record. Using the

Earliest evidence for fruit consumption and potential seed dispersal by birds

The Early Cretaceous diversification of birds was a major event in the history of terrestrial ecosystems, occurring during the earliest phase of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution, long before the

New toothed Early Cretaceous ornithuromorph bird reveals intraclade diversity in pattern of tooth loss

The earliest record of the Ornithuromorpha, which includes crown birds, is currently known from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota in north-eastern China. Here we describe a new ornithuromorph bird,

Diet of Mesozoic toothed birds (Longipterygidae) inferred from quantitative analysis of extant avian diet proxies

Background Birds are key indicator species in extant ecosystems, and thus we would expect extinct birds to provide insights into the nature of ancient ecosystems. However, many aspects of extinct

A New Enantiornithine (Aves) Preserved in Mid-Cretaceous Burmese Amber Contributes to Growing Diversity of Cretaceous Plumage Patterns

A new specimen that consists of the distal extremities of both forelimbs and hindlimbs is described, suggestive of a diversity of limb proportions in the Burmese enantiornithine fauna, similar to that observed in the Jehol avifauna.

The evolution of the modern avian digestive system: insights from paravian fossils from the Yanliao and Jehol biotas

The sum of the data gleaned from the thousands of exceptionally well‐preserved fossils of paravians is interpreted with regards to the structure and evolution of the highly modified avian digestive system and feeding apparatus, suggesting intrinsic differences between closely related stem lineages implying either strong homoplasy or that diet in each lineage of non‐ornithuromorph birds was highly specialized.

Two new Early Cretaceous ornithuromorph birds provide insights into the taxonomy and divergence of Yanornithidae (Aves: Ornithothoraces)

A taxonomical reassessment of yanornithids is performed and the results show that Yanornithidae contains three genera and three species, which demonstrate a wide range of limb proportions that exceed the degree seen in other L early ornithuromorph clades.

The Hesperornithiformes: A Review of the Diversity, Distribution, and Ecology of the Earliest Diving Birds

The Hesperornithiformes (sometimes referred to as Hesperornithes) are the first known birds to have adapted to a fully aquatic lifestyle, appearing in the fossil record as flightless, foot-propelled



Reinterpretation of a previously described Jehol bird clarifies early trophic evolution in the Ornithuromorpha

Close inspection of STM35-3 reveals that the specimen represents a new species not closely related to hongshanornithids, distinguished by large forelimbs that exceed the length of the hindlimbs, robust and narrow coracoids, and a delicate edentulous rostrum.

New Specimens of Yanornis Indicate a Piscivorous Diet and Modern Alimentary Canal

One specimen preserves two whole fish in the oesophagus, indicating that Early Cretaceous birds shared trophic specializations with Neornithes for the increased energetic demands of flight – namely the storing of food for later consumption when the stomach is full.

Early evolution of the biological bird: perspectives from new fossil discoveries in China

While no skeletal or integumentary features are recognized to define Aves, a partial reconstruction of the biology of Aves very close to its origin is identified: the presence of a crop and the loss of the right ovary.

A New Ornithuromorph (Aves: Ornithothoraces) Bird from the Jehol Group Indicative of Higher-Level Diversity

The discovery of a new bird from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation, Liaoning Province, China, which represents a new species, but bears similarities to Hongshanornis longicresta from the same formation of Inner Mongolia, and represents a clade of specialized ‘shorebirds’ whose elongate hindlimbs indicate ecological adaptations different from those of other Jehol ornithuromorphs.

A New Specimen of Large-Bodied Basal Enantiornithine Bohaiornis from the Early Cretaceous of China and the Inference of Feeding Ecology in Mesozoic Birds

It is hypothesized that cranial morphology as well as the number and shape of the preserved stones in Bohaiornis may be most consistent with a raptorial ecology previously unknown for Enantiornithes and considered rare for Avialae.

Discovery of an ornithurine bird and its implication for Early Cretaceous avian radiation.

  • Zhonghe ZhouFucheng Zhang
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
An ornithurine bird, Hongshanornis longicresta gen. et sp. nov., represented by a nearly complete and articulated skeleton in full plumage, has been recovered from the lacustrine deposits of the

Gastroliths in Yanornis: an indication of the earliest radical diet-switching and gizzard plasticity in the lineage leading to living birds?

The discovery of a new complete and articulated specimen of Yanornis martini preserves abundant in-situ gastroliths, which indicates the earliest presence of intermittent diet change observed in extant birds seasonally and in response to changes in available food sources.

Additional specimen of Microraptor provides unique evidence of dinosaurs preying on birds

A unique specimen of the small nonavian theropod Microraptor gui from the Early Cretaceous Jehol biota, China, which has the remains of an adult enantiornithine bird preserved in its abdomen, most likely not scavenged, but captured and consumed by the dinosaur.

Largest bird from the Early Cretaceous and its implications for the earliest avian ecological diversification

A new bird from the Early Cretaceous feathered-dinosaur-bearing continental deposits of Liaoning, northeast China is reported, which is not only larger than Archaeopteryx but is nearly twice as large as the basal dromaeosaur Microraptor.