The transformation of the Indus Civilization

  title={The transformation of the Indus Civilization},
  author={G. Possehl},
  journal={Journal of World Prehistory},
  • G. Possehl
  • Published 1997
  • Geography
  • Journal of World Prehistory
Suggested explanations for the “eclipse” of the Indus Civilization (2500–1900 B.C.) are reviewed, along with a description of the culture history that accompanies the abandonment of Mohenjo-daro and many other Mature Harappan settlements. New data are presented from Mohenjo-daro which suggest that the process of change that brought about the eventual abandonment of the site began in the later part of the third millennium B.C. Settlement data from the ancient Sarasvati River, Gujarat, and… Expand
Abstract Climatic change has often been cited as a determining factor in cultural changes in the context of the Harappan Civilisation of northwestern South Asia, 2500–1900 BC. While these claims haveExpand
Changing the prehistory of Sindh and Las Bela coast: twenty-five years of Italian contribution
Abstract This paper discusses the prehistory of Sindh and Las Bela coast (Balochistan) before and after partition, and the role played by the Italian archaeologists since the 1980s. Until a few yearsExpand
Pastoralism, climate change, and the transformation of the Indus Civilization in Gujarat: Faunal analyses and biogenic isotopes
Abstract The Indus Civilization (2600–1900 BCE), South Asia’s first urban society, underwent a momentous social transformation towards the end of the third millennium BC, that culminated in urbanExpand
Early state societies (civilizations) developed in areas of the world where intensive agricultural systems could be developed to produce food on the scale necessary to support relatively large andExpand
The 4.2 ka BP climatic event and its cultural responses
Abstract The 4.2 ka event was one of Holocene abrupt-change events and characterized by dry and cool climatic conditions in many parts of the world. The event was reported to have played importantExpand
South Asia, Archaeology of
The archaeology of South Asia, or the Indian subcontinent is a very substantial topic, since there is a deep history in this land of diverse peoples and cultural traditions. Moreover, archaeologicalExpand
The state drew its force, which was real enough, from its imaginative energies, its semiotic capacity to make inequality enchant. clifford geertz (1980:123) In this chapter I delineate what is notExpand
Myths of the Archaic State: Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States, and Civilizations, by Norman Yoffee. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-521-81837-0 hardback £45 & US$75; ISBN 0-521-52156-4 paperback £19.99 & US$34.99, 291 pp.
  • N. Yoffee
  • Geography, History
  • Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • 2005
For more than a century, archaeologists have frequently been drawn to understand the human past in broadly evolutionary terms, applying Darwinian thinking to the development of human societies. TheExpand
Infection, Disease, and Biosocial Processes at the End of the Indus Civilization
Bioarchaeological evidence demonstrates the prevalence of infection and infectious disease increased through time and Corresponding mortuary differences suggest that socially and economically marginalized communities were most vulnerable in the context of climate uncertainty at Harappa, one of the largest urban centers in the Indus Civilization. Expand
Irrigation in the Indus basin: A history of unsustainability?
The Indus basin civilization (3000–1500 BC) is thought to have collapsed due to the Indus river shifting its course, and unchecked salinization of the irrigated land. Though modern irrigationExpand


Climate and the Eclipse of the Ancient Cities of the Indus
No great amount of systematic, scientific research has been conducted on the mid and late Holocene climate of the Indian Subcontinent, but there is a growing body of data that can be brought to theExpand
The Indus Valley Tradition of Pakistan and western India
Over the last several decades new sets of information have provided a more detailed understanding of the rise and character of the Indus Civilization as well as its decline and decentralization. ThisExpand
The Mohenjo‐daro Floods: A Reply1
Over the past three years a theory concerning the abandonment of the ancient cities of the Indus Valley has been advanced: that these settlements were engulfed by a sea of mud that accumulated behindExpand
The Indus Civilization: Supplementary Volume to the Cambridge History of India
Notes 1. Climate 2. Towns and villages of hill and plain 3. The Indus civilization 4. Mohenjo-daro and Harappa: general layout 5. Harappa 6. Mohenjo-daro 7. Chanhu-daro 8. Sutkagen-dor and otherExpand
The End of the Ancient Cities of the Indus
AMONG those who are interested in the prehistory of the Indian sub-continent there is probably no subject that has given rise to more speculation than that of how the Indus Civilization came intoExpand
Principles of Geology
One of the key works in the nineteenth-century battle between science and Scripture, Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology (1830-33) sought to explain the geological state of the modern Earth byExpand
The Indus Flood-Plain and the 'Indus' Civilization
IN the past few years increasing attention has been attracted to the problem: what caused the apparently sudden decline and extinction of the prehistoric Harappa or 'Indus' civilization in itsExpand
The earliest civilization of South Asia (rise, maturity and decline)
Not only did it cover a much greater area than did any other civilization, but it also produced urban centres, duly fortified and characterized by meticulous town planning, efficient drainage system,Expand
REVOLUTION IN THE URBAN REVOLUTION: The Emergence of Indus Urbanization
There is a formidable record of recent archaeological work on the Indus or Harappan Civilization (7, 15, 50, 54). This wealth of data makes it impossible fully to review ancient India's earliestExpand
A New Prehistoric Ware from Baluchistan
The Bronze Age settlements of Baluchistan comprise an assortment of cultures and local wares which stylistic comparison with stratified sites in Persia and Iraq is gradually reducing to a workableExpand