The topology of evolutionary novelty and innovation in macroevolution

  title={The topology of evolutionary novelty and innovation in macroevolution},
  author={Douglas H. Erwin},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences},
  • D. Erwin
  • Published 23 October 2017
  • Biology
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Sewall Wright's fitness landscape introduced the concept of evolutionary spaces in 1932. George Gaylord Simpson modified this to an adaptive, phenotypic landscape in 1944 and since then evolutionary spaces have played an important role in evolutionary theory through fitness and adaptive landscapes, phenotypic and functional trait spaces, morphospaces and related concepts. Although the topology of such spaces is highly variable, from locally Euclidean to pre-topological, evolutionary change has… 

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