The topographic and environmental context of the earliest village sites in western South Asia

  title={The topographic and environmental context of the earliest village sites in western South Asia},
  author={Cameron A. Petrie and Kenneth D. Thomas},
  pages={1055 - 1067}
Researchers in several continents have found that agriculture began not in major river valleys but up in the hills, where early farmers tended crops on alluvial fans and improved irrigation by building earth barriers across them. Here the authors reveal a similar process in the hills of Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, where early farming villages overlook the plains of the Punjab and Sindh, heartland of the later Indus civilisation. Today this is a troubled border zone, with difficult… 
Geoarchaeological insights into the location of Indus settlements on the plains of northwest India
Abstract This article presents a geomorphological and micromorphological study of the locational context of four Indus civilisation archaeological sites—Alamgirpur, Masudpur I and VII, and Burj—all
Early agriculture in South Asia
This introduction traces the origins of agriculture and the character of early agricultural communities across the world and surveys the development of the more complex social structures and cultural
The Agriculture of Early India
South Asia possesses a unique Neolithic transition to agricultural domestication. India has received far less attention in the quest for evidence of early agriculture than other regions of the world
The Northern Neolithic of the Western Himalayas: New Research in the Kashmir Valley
The southern Central Asian mountains as an ancient agricultural mixing zone: new archaeobotanical data from Barikot in the Swat valley of Pakistan
The mountain foothills of inner Asia have served as a corridor of communication and exchange for at least five millennia, using historically documented trade routes such as the Silk Road and the
Models of the Neolithic dispersal in Southern Asia
The Fertile Crescent in the Near East is one of the independent sources of the Neolithic. Farming and pottery making spread across Europe from the Fertile Crescent from 9,000 to 6,000 years ago at an
The Near-Eastern Roots of the Neolithic in South Asia
The spatio-temporal continuity of the Neolithic dispersal from the Near East through the Middle East and to the Indian subcontinent is analyzed, suggesting a systematic spread at an average speed of about 0.65 km/yr.
20,000 years of societal vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in southwest Asia
It is suggested that by appreciating a given locale's place in the regional hydroscape, more robust links to climate can be made where appropriate and interpretations drawn will demand the resolution of factors acting across multiple scales.


River valleys and foothills: changing archaeological perceptions of North China's earliest farms
Abstract Early farming in northern China featured the cultivation of two species of millet, broomcorn and foxtail. Although previously seen as focused on the Yellow River, the authors show that the
Pottery Neolithic landscape modification at Dhra'
This report of the discovery of low walls running across the slopes east of the Dead Sea presents an important landmark in the history of farming, for these were terrace walls put in place to
Agricultural Origins and Frontiers in South Asia: A Working Synthesis
  • D. Fuller
  • Economics, Environmental Science
  • 2006
The accumulation of recent data from archaeobotany, archaeozoology and Neolithic excavations from across South Asia warrants a new overview of early agriculture in the subcontinent. This paper
Water, soil and seasonality in early cereal cultivation
The purpose of this paper is to review current ideas of agricultural development in the sub-tropical and temperate parts of the western Old World and to suggest that the small scale and restricted
Stratigraphy of the Bannu and Dera Ismail Khan areas, Pakistan
The Bannu and Dera Ismail Khan quadrangles cover an area of more than 8,600 square miles in north-central Pakistan, between lat 31° and 33°N. and long 70° and 71°E. This area contains two main
West of the Indus: the chronology of settlement in the protohistoric culture phases, with special reference to the Bannu region
A major objective of the work of the Bannu Archaeological Project has been that it should complement the work undertaken by scholars in regions adjacent to the Bannu area, such as the Gomal plain. In
The Prehistoric Climate of Baluchistan and the Indus Valley1
THE late Sir Aurel Stein made archeological observations which led him to believe that there has been a significant decrease in the rainfall of Baluchistan since prehistoric times due to a change in
Indus Age: The Beginnings
This volume tells the story of the modern discovery of the Harappan Civilizatio, starting in the early 19th century, when the city of Harappa was visited by antiquarians with little understanding of
Climatic cycles and behavioural revolutions: the emergence of modern humans and the beginning of farming
Publication of a new volume on the beginnings of Old World farming (Harris 1996) has provided a compendium of current views on this critical inflection-point in human inhabitance of the world. Was it
Premiers pasteurs et agriculteurs dans le sous-continent Indo-Pakistanais