The toilet debate: Stalling trans possibilities and defending ‘women’s protected spaces’ 1

  title={The toilet debate: Stalling trans possibilities and defending ‘women’s protected spaces’ 1},
  author={Charlotte Jones and Jenny Slater},
  journal={The Sociological Review},
  pages={834 - 851}
As one of the few explicitly gender-separated spaces, the toilet has become a prominent site of conflict and a focal point for ‘gender-critical’ feminism. In this article we draw upon an AHRC-funded project, Around the Toilet, to reflect upon and critique trans-exclusionary and trans-hostile narratives of toilet spaces. Such narratives include ciscentric, heteronormative and gender essentialist positions within toilet research and activism which, for example, equate certain actions and bodily… 
Towards trans-feminist coalitions in the post-Yugoslav space: Building feminist radical solidarities
  • Maja Pan
  • Sociology, Art
    European Journal of Women's Studies
  • 2022
The conflict between trans-inclusive and trans-exclusionary radical feminists (TERFs) has recently erupted in the post-Yugoslav space, adding to the urgency of embracing trans-feminism. In order to
Building an Intersectional and Trans-Inclusive Criminology: Responding to the Emergence of “Gender Critical” Perspectives in Feminist Criminology
This article responds to claims advanced by “gender critical” feminists, most recently expressed in a criminological context by Burt (2020) in Feminist Criminology, that the Equality Act—a bill
The Growth of the Anti-Transgender Movement in the United Kingdom. The Silent Radicalization of the British Electorate
  • C. Mclean
  • Political Science
    International Journal of Sociology
  • 2021
Abstract This article examines the development of anti-transgender debates within the United Kingdom, which have gained traction due to proposed amendments to the country’s Gender Recognition Act
Queer Space: Toilet Provision, Access and Inclusion in the West Midlands
It is argued that the implementation of gender neutral toilets holds strong practical and symbolic power within a heteronormative, cis-normative society.
Trans Women and Public Restrooms: The Legal Discourse and Its Violence
The prohibition of access to the restroom constitutes a form of gender violence and discrimination, as it is concluded that the arguments that express concerns about safety are not supported.
Social Acceptance and Section 377: A Case Study of Transgender People in Jammu City
Abstract The Supreme Court of India recently decriminalized section 377 of the Indian Penal Code to outlaw the unfair violence and discrimination against transgender people. The paper argues that
The Secret History of HB-2: Bathroom Safety in the Eighteenth Century and Beyond
  • Andrew Black
  • Political Science
    Lit: Literature Interpretation Theory
  • 2022
In April of 2016, the political imagination turned toward what happens in women’s bathrooms. In the wake of what the North Carolina House Bill 2 banally called “the regulation of employment and
Specific Detriment: Barriers and Opportunities for Non-Binary Inclusive Sports in Scotland
While non-binary gender identities have become increasingly visible in recent years, little research currently exists on the experiences that non-binary people have in sport, where most opportunities
Liveability, environment and policy: Reflections on trans student experience of entering UK higher education
This article examines the intersection of lived experience and equality policy in UK Higher Education (HE), focusing on trans students’ experiences of planning for and applying to University. The


‘Safe Spaces’: Experiences of Feminist Women-Only Space
The gendered nature of safety has been explored empirically and theoretically as awareness has grown of the pervasive challenges to women's safety. Notions of ‘safe space’ are frequently invoked in
The feminist frontier: on trans and feminism
Abstract Against a back-drop of ongoing hostility between sections of feminism towards trans communities, and particularly feminist antagonism towards trans women, this paper explores the
Violent cistems: Trans experiences of bathroom space
abstract Transgender people in South Africa face problems with safe access to spaces that have been shaped and gendered by colonisation and apartheid. Cape Town, despite being labelled ‘the gay
A world of unmentionable suffering: women's public conveniences in Victorian London.
  • B. Penner
  • History
    Journal of design history
  • 2001
The aim of this paper is to provide a detailed account of how the decision to build an everyday object such as a lavatory for women was implicated in producing, maintaining and contesting the patriarchal power structure of late Victorian London.
DIY identities in a DIY scene: trans music events in the UK
The past three decades have seen the emergence of an increasingly vigorous and outspoken trans movement in the United Kingdom. Resulting political and social changes have been accompanied by an
Resisting the Demand to Stand
This work focuses on the medical management of boys with the intersex variation hypospadias and demonstrates that anxieties around bathrooms extend beyond the bathroom walls—into surgical theaters—and are not simply a trans or queer issue.
Pissed Off!
This chapter is comprised of a dialogue between two researchers and four activists about the significance of the toilet in disabled people’s personal and political lives. Reflecting on the
Whipping Girl: A Transsexual Woman on Sexism and the Scapegoating of Femininity
A provocative manifesto, Whipping Girl tells the powerful story of Julia Serano, a transsexual woman whose supremely intelligent writing reflects her diverse background as a lesbian transgender
Sex Wars Revisited: A Rhetorical Economy of Sex Industry Opposition
This paper attempts to sketch a ‘rhetorical economy’ of feminist opposition to the sex industry, via the case study of debates around Amnesty International’s 2016 policy supporting decriminalisation