The timing of breeding and independence for snow leopard females and their cubs

@article{Johansson2020TheTO,
  title={The timing of breeding and independence for snow leopard females and their cubs},
  author={{\"O}rjan Johansson and Giorgia Ausilio and Matthew Low and Purevjav Lkhagvajav and Byron Weckworth and Koustubh Sharma},
  journal={Mammalian Biology},
  year={2020},
  pages={1-8}
}
Significant knowledge gaps persist on snow leopard demography and reproductive behavior. From a GPS-collared population in Mongolia, we estimated the timing of mating, parturition and independence. Based on three mother–cub pairs, we describe the separation phase of the cub from its mother as it gains independence. Snow leopards mated from January–March and gave birth from April–June. Cubs remained with their mother until their second winter (20–22 months of age) when cubs started showing… 

Figures from this paper

Evidence of spatial genetic structure in a snow leopard population from Gansu, China.
TLDR
Spatial patterns and indices of diversity highlighted the cryptic structure of snow leopard genetic diversity, likely driven by its ability to disperse over large distances, providing insights into the spatially variable isolation effects of both geographic distance and landscape resistance.
Increasing risks for emerging infectious diseases within a rapidly changing High Asia
TLDR
It is shown that High Asia is rapidly developing conditions that favor increased emergence of infectious diseases and zoonoses, and there is an urgent need for establishing a disease surveillance system and improving human and animal health care.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES
The Role of Dispersal in Structuring the Chitwan Tiger Population
Dispersal in tigers was studied in Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal. Thirty six adult and young were studied to monitor movements and social interactions relative to dispersal. Fourteen subadults
Extended parental care and delayed dispersal: northern, tropical, and southern passerines compared
TLDR
It is suggested that the reasons why some species (with or without cooperative breeding) exhibit natal philopatry and others do not lie in the balance between productivity and survival of adults and of retained or dispersing offspring.
Vigorous Dynamics Underlie a Stable Population of the Endangered Snow Leopard Panthera uncia in Tost Mountains, South Gobi, Mongolia
TLDR
While the current female-bias in the population and the number of cubs born each year seemingly render the study population safe, the vigorous dynamics suggests that the situation can change quickly.
Philopatry and Dispersal Patterns in Tiger (Panthera tigris)
TLDR
Animal movements are important for fitness, reproductive success, genetic diversity and gene exchange among populations, and have important implications for better management of habitats and interconnecting corridors to save this charismatic species.
Flexibility in the duration of parental care: Female leopards prioritise cub survival over reproductive output
TLDR
Results from generalised linear mixed models showed that mothers prolonged care during periods of prey scarcity, supporting the resource limitation hypothesis and female leopards cared for sons longer than daughters, in line with the sex-allocation hypothesis.
Reproductive patterns result from age-related sensitivity to resources and reproductive costs in a mammalian carnivore.
TLDR
By examining how drivers of reproductive variation interact, a much clearer understanding of the mechanisms responsible for age-related patterns of reproduction is demonstrated, which will allow better predictions of population resnonses to environmental changes or management based on a population's age-structure.
Trade-off between mating opportunities and parental care: brood desertion by female Kentish plovers
  • T. Székely, I. Cuthill
  • Biology, Medicine
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2000
TLDR
The prediction that increasing the value of the current brood should increase the duration of female care early in the season, but that in late breeders, with reduced remating opportunities, desertion and thus theduration offemale care should be independent of current brood size were fulfilled.
Snow leopard predation in a livestock dominated landscape in Mongolia
TLDR
It is suggested that snow leopards prey largely on wild ungulates and kill livestock opportunistically, and retaliatory killing by livestock herders is likely to cause greater mortality of adult male snow leepards compared to females and young males, and total off-take of prey by a snow leopard population is probably much higher than previous estimates suggest.
Prey Preferences of the Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia): Regional Diet Specificity Holds Global Significance for Conservation
TLDR
A meta-analysis identified critical dietary resources for snow leopards throughout their distribution and illustrates the importance of understanding regional variation in species ecology; particularly prey species that have global implications for conservation.
ON THE ECOLOGY OF SNOW LEOPARD IN WEST NEPAL
Almost nothing is known about the endangered snow leopard Panthera uncia in the wild because its secretive habits, low numbers, sparse distribution and inaccessible habitat have discouraged attempts
...
1
2
3
4
5
...