The time course of attentional allocation while women high and low in body dissatisfaction view self and model physiques.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine trait levels of dissatisfaction with specific bodily regions and attentional characteristics associated with those regions among women high (HBD, n = 15) and low (LBD, n = 14) in body dissatisfaction. Separate laboratory visits were completed, during, which eye movements were recorded as participants viewed slides of self-physiques or model-physiques. Comparisons of search tendencies were made across the entire 5 s of slide presentation, and then within each of the ten 500 ms epochs that comprised the 5 s viewing period. The HBD group made initial fixations to the pelvis region proportionately more than the LBD group, and avoided looking at their own bodies relative to the LBD group. They also viewed the model's legs significantly longer than the LBD group. When considering the time course of attentional allocation, the HBD group preferentially viewed areas typical of dissatisfaction during the latter viewing periods, regardless of whether they were looking at themselves or the model. Results are discussed in the context of an integrated social cognitive view with regard to the formation of a negative body schema that both results from and then perpetuates the negative affective consequences that characterize individuals who are symptomatic for eating disorders.

DOI: 10.1080/08870440701697367

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Cite this paper

@article{Janelle2009TheTC, title={The time course of attentional allocation while women high and low in body dissatisfaction view self and model physiques.}, author={Christopher M. Janelle and Heather Ann Hausenblas and Rebecca L Ellis and Stephen A. Coombes and Aaron R. Duley}, journal={Psychology & health}, year={2009}, volume={24 3}, pages={351-66} }