The ties that bind: The impact of leader-member exchange, transformational and transactional leadership, and distance on predicting follower performance.

  title={The ties that bind: The impact of leader-member exchange, transformational and transactional leadership, and distance on predicting follower performance.},
  author={Jane M. Howell and Kathryn E. Hall-Merenda},
  journal={Journal of Applied Psychology},
The authors examined the linkages between leader-member exchange (LMX), transformational and transactional leadership, and physical distance in predicting performance of 317 followers over a 1-year period. Results from a partial least squares analysis revealed that LMX was related positively to transformatio nal and contingent reward leadership and negatively to management-by -exception. LMX and active management-by-exception positively predicted follower performance, and physical distance… 

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