The third generation of gravitational wave observatories and their science reach

  title={The third generation of gravitational wave observatories and their science reach},
  author={M. Punturo and Matthew Robert Abernathy and Fausto Acernese and Bruce Allen and Nils Andersson and K. G. Arun and Fabrizio Barone and Bryan W Barr and Matteo Barsuglia and M. G. Beker and Nicole Beveridge and Simona Birindelli and Sukanta Bose and L. Bosi and Stefano Braccini and C. Bradaschia and Tomasz Bulik and Enrico Calloni and Giancarlo Cella and E Chassande Mottin and Simon Chelkowski and Andrea Chincarini and J A Clark and Eugenio Coccia and Carlo Nicola Colacino and Jacques Colas and A. V. Cumming and L. Cunningham and Elena Cuoco and S L Danilishin and Karsten Danzmann and G De Luca and Riccardo De Salvo and Thomas Dent and R. T. Derosa and L. Di Fiore and Angela Di Virgilio and Martin Doets and V Fafone and Paolo Falferi and R. Flaminio and Janyce Franc and F. Frasconi and Andreas Freise and P. J. Fulda and Jonathan R. Gair and Gianluca Gemme and A. Gennai and A. Giazotto and Kostas Glampedakis and Massimo Granata and Hartmut Grote and G. Guidi and Giles D. Hammond and Mark Hannam and Jan Harms and Daniel Heinert and Martin Hendry and Ik Siong Heng and Eric Hennes and Stefan Hild and James Hough and Sascha Husa and S H Huttner and Glenn Jones and F. Ya. Khalili and Keiko Kokeyama and K Kokkotas and Badri Krishnan and Marco Lorenzini and Harald L{\"u}ck and E. Majorana and Ilya Mandel and Vuk Mandic and I W Martin and C. Michel and Yury Minenkov and N. Morgado and Simona Mosca and B. Mours and Helge M{\"u}ller-Ebhardt and P. G. Murray and Ronny Nawrodt and J. M. Nelson and R Oshaughnessy and Christian D. Ott and Cristiano Palomba and Angela Delli Paoli and G. Parguez and A. Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and L. Pinard and R. Poggiani and P. Popolizio and Mauro Prato and P. Puppo and D. S. Rabeling and P. Rapagnani and Jocelyn Read and Tania Regimbau and Henning Rehbein and Stuart Reid and Luciano Rezzolla and F. Ricci and F. Richard and Alessandro Rocchi and Sheila Rowan and A. O. R{\"u}diger and Beno{\^i}t Sassolas and B. S. Sathyaprakash and Roman Schnabel and Christian Schwarz and Paola Terezinha Seidel and A. M. Sintes and Kentaro Somiya and F. C. Speirits and Kenneth Strain and Sergey Strigin and P. Sutton and Sergey P. Tarabrin and Jo van den Brand and C van Leewen and Marielle van Veggel and Christian Van den Broeck and Alberto Vecchio and John Veitch and F. Vetrano and Andrea Vicer{\'e} and Sergey P. Vyatchanin and Benno Willke and Graham Woan and P. Wolfango and K. Yamamoto},
  journal={Classical and Quantum Gravity},
Large gravitational wave interferometric detectors, like Virgo and LIGO, demonstrated the capability to reach their design sensitivity, but to transform these machines into an effective observational instrument for gravitational wave astronomy a large improvement in sensitivity is required. Advanced detectors in the near future and third-generation observatories in more than one decade will open the possibility to perform gravitational wave astronomical observations from the Earth. An overview… 

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