The thermal field of radiofrequency probes at chondroplasty settings.

  title={The thermal field of radiofrequency probes at chondroplasty settings.},
  author={Lee D. Kaplan and John M Ernsthausen and James P. Bradley and F. Fu and D. L. Farkas},
  journal={Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association},
  volume={19 6},
PURPOSE The purpose of this experimental study was to evaluate the thermal field produced with monopolar and bipolar radiofrequency probes located at increasing heights from the target treatment site. TYPE OF STUDY Experimental study. METHODS Two bipolar (ACD-50, ArthroCare, Sunnyvale, CA; VAPR-TC, Mitec Surgical Products, Westwood, MA) and one monopolar (Vulcan TAC-C II, Oratec Interventions, Menlo Park, CA) radiofrequency probes were placed in a screw-driven stage that allowed for 0.25-mm… CONTINUE READING