The thaxtomin phytotoxins: sources, synthesis, biosynthesis, biotransformation and biological activity.

@article{King2009TheTP,
  title={The thaxtomin phytotoxins: sources, synthesis, biosynthesis, biotransformation and biological activity.},
  author={Russell R. King and Larry A Calhoun},
  journal={Phytochemistry},
  year={2009},
  volume={70 7},
  pages={833-41}
}
Thaxtomin phytotoxins, first reported in 1989, are cyclic dipeptides (2,5-diketopiperazines) formed from the condensation of 4-nitrotrytophan and phenylalanine groups. Inclusion of a 4-nitroindole moiety that is an essential requirement for their phytotoxicity makes them unique amongst microbial generated metabolites. Individual thaxtomins differ only in the presence or absence of N-methyl and hydroxyl groups and their respective substitution sites. The name "thaxtomin" was assigned to these… CONTINUE READING
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