The systemic lupus erythematosus Tri-Nation study: cumulative indirect costs.

  title={The systemic lupus erythematosus Tri-Nation study: cumulative indirect costs.},
  author={Pantelis Panopalis and Michelle Petri and Susan Manzi and David Alan Isenberg and Caroline Gordon and Jean-Luc Sen{\'e}cal and John R. Penrod and Lawrence Joseph and Yvan St Pierre and Christian A Pineau and Paul R Fortin and Nurhan Sutcliffe and J R Goulet and Denis Choquette and Tamara Grodzicky and John M. Esdaile and Ann Elaine Clarke},
  journal={Arthritis and rheumatism},
  volume={57 1},
OBJECTIVE We previously reported that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the US incurred approximately 19% and 12% higher direct medical costs than patients in Canada and the UK, respectively, without experiencing superior outcomes expressed as disease damage or quality of life. In the present study, we compared cumulative indirect costs over 4 years in these patients. METHODS A total of 715 patients with SLE (269 US, 231 Canada, 215 UK) were surveyed semiannually for 4 years… CONTINUE READING
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