The sympathetic/parasympathetic imbalance in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

@article{Floras2015TheSI,
  title={The sympathetic/parasympathetic imbalance in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.},
  author={John S. Floras and Piotr P Ponikowski},
  journal={European heart journal},
  year={2015},
  volume={36 30},
  pages={1974-82b}
}
Cardiovascular autonomic imbalance, a cardinal phenotype of human heart failure, has adverse implications for symptoms during wakefulness and sleep; for cardiac, renal, and immune function; for exercise capacity; and for lifespan and mode of death. The objectives of this Clinical Review are to summarize current knowledge concerning mechanisms for disturbed parasympathetic and sympathetic circulatory control in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and its clinical and prognostic… CONTINUE READING
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Alterations in the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems in heart failure

  • JS Floras
  • 2015

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