The symbolic dimensions of the intercultural

  title={The symbolic dimensions of the intercultural},
  author={Claire J. Kramsch},
  journal={Language Teaching},
  pages={354 - 367}
While communicative competence is characterized by the negotiation of intended meanings in authentic contexts of language use, intercultural competence has to do with far less negotiable discourse worlds, the ‘circulation of values and identities across cultures, the inversions, even inventions of meaning, often hidden behind a common illusion of effective communication’ (Kramsch, Lévy & Zarate 2008: 15). The self that is engaged in intercultural communication is a symbolic self that is… 
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