The surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation.


For two decades, the cut-and-sew Cox-maze III procedure was the gold standard for the surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) and has proven to be effective at eliminating AF. The incidence of late stroke was also very low. However, this procedure was not widely adopted owing to its complexity and technical difficulty. Over the last 5-10 years, the… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2009.05.019