The surface stress theory of microbial morphogenesis.

@article{Koch1983TheSS,
  title={The surface stress theory of microbial morphogenesis.},
  author={Arthur L. Koch},
  journal={Advances in microbial physiology},
  year={1983},
  volume={24},
  pages={301-66}
}
From the physics of the situation, one might conclude that the osmotic pressure within most prokaryotes creates a sufficiently high tension in the wall that organisms are at risk of ripping themselves apart. The Surface Stress Theory holds that they avoid this, and are able to carry out certain morphogenetic processes by linking the cleavages of appropriate bonds to enzymes that are sensitive to the stress in the bonds under attack. This tends to maintain the internal pressure and couples wall… CONTINUE READING

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