The support of autonomy and the control of behavior.

@article{Deci1987TheSO,
  title={The support of autonomy and the control of behavior.},
  author={Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1987},
  volume={53 6},
  pages={
          1024-37
        }
}
  • E. Deci, R. Ryan
  • Published 1987
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
In this article we suggest that events and contexts relevant to the initiation and regulation of intentional behavior can function either to support autonomy (i.e., to promote choice) or to control behavior (i.e., to pressure one toward specific outcomes). Research herein reviewed indicates that this distinction is relevant to specific external events and to general interpersonal contexts as well as to specific internal events and to general personality orientations. That is, the distinction is… Expand

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This field study considered the relationship between teacher characteristics and the intrinsic motivation and self-esteem of children in Grades 4 through 6. The research evolved out of Deci'sExpand
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TLDR
Assessment of the effects of motivationally relevant conditions and individual differences on emotional experience and performance on a learning task found that children in the controlling condition experienced more pressure and evidenced a greater deterioration in rote learning over an 8-(+/- 1) day follow-up. Expand
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The present article presents an integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment. This theory states that psychologicalExpand
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Previous research has shown that when teachers are oriented toward controlling rather than supporting autonomy in their students, the students display lowered intrinsic motivation and self-esteem.Expand
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Publisher Summary The chapter discusses the empirical exploration of intrinsic motivational processes. Intrinsically motivated behaviors, motivated by the underlying need for competence andExpand
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