The substitutability of physical and social warmth in daily life.

@article{Bargh2012TheSO,
  title={The substitutability of physical and social warmth in daily life.},
  author={John A. Bargh and Idit Shalev},
  journal={Emotion},
  year={2012},
  volume={12 1},
  pages={
          154-62
        }
}
Classic and contemporary research on person perception has demonstrated the paramount importance of interpersonal warmth. Recent research on embodied cognition has shown that feelings of social warmth or coldness can be induced by experiences of physical warmth or coldness, and vice versa. Here we show that people tend to self-regulate their feelings of social warmth through applications of physical warmth, apparently without explicit awareness of doing so. In Study 1, higher scores on a… 
Shared Neural Mechanisms Underlying Social Warmth and Physical Warmth
TLDR
Results suggest that a common neural mechanism underlies physical and social warmth, which is shared by those that regulate social warmth and the experience of feeling connected to other people.
Embodied motivation: using a goal systems framework to understand the preference for social and physical warmth.
TLDR
It is suggested that socially warm events are considered a means for achieving the goal of reducing physical coldness and that the attractiveness of physically warm items among socially excluded people is decreased by activating an alternative goal.
Warm hands warm thoughts? : Substitutability of physical warmth as a trigger for interpersonal warmth
Experiencing physical warmth in the form of holding a cup of hot coffee for a short amount of time can favorably alter one’s evaluation of others. This effect seems to be a substitution of bodily
Can physical warmth (or coldness) predict trait loneliness? A replication of Bargh and Shalev (2012).
In recent years, psychologists have become increasingly interested in the extent to which abstract concepts can be “embodied” in physical experiences. Bargh and Shalev (2012) demonstrated that
A Pilot Study Examining Physical and Social Warmth: Higher (Non-Febrile) Oral Temperature Is Associated with Greater Feelings of Social Connection
TLDR
Extending the existing literature, higher oral temperature readings were associated with greater feelings of social connection and early caregiver experiences did not moderate this association, suggesting that the physical-social warmth overlap may not be altered by early social experience.
Comfortably Warm: A Momentary Lapse of Reaffiliation After Exclusion
TLDR
Findings suggest that warmth—a sensation signaling the proximity of a close relationship partner—satisfies currently active affiliative motives, and provide a theoretical framework for understanding ways in which effects of sensory primes depend upon the motivational state of the perceiver.
On Feeling Warm and Being Warm
Previous investigations have linked laboratory manipulations of physical warmth to momentary increases in interpersonal warmth. However, replication concerns have occurred in this area, and it is not
On the association between loneliness and bathing habits: nine replications of Bargh and Shalev (2012) Study 1.
TLDR
No evidence is found for an association between trait loneliness and a composite index of showering or bathing habits in a combined sample of 1,153 participants from four studies and a local meta-analysis including the original studies yielded an effect size estimate that included zero in the 95% confidence interval.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Experiencing Physical Warmth Promotes Interpersonal Warmth
TLDR
“Warmth” is the most powerful personality trait in social judgment, and it is hypothesized that experiences of physical warmth would increase feelings of interpersonal warmth, without the person's awareness of this influence.
The Thermometer of Social Relations
TLDR
These studies corroborate recent findings in the field of grounded cognition revealing that concrete experiences ground abstract concepts with which they are coexperienced and show a systemic interdependence among language, perception, and social proximity.
Cold and Lonely
TLDR
The psychological experience of coldness not only aids understanding of social interaction, but also is an integral part of the experience of social exclusion.
Universal dimensions of social cognition: warmth and competence
Physical temperature effects on trust behavior: the role of insula.
TLDR
The results suggest that the insula may be a key shared neural substrate that mediates the influence of temperature on trust processes.
Social Disconnectedness, Perceived Isolation, and Health among Older Adults∗
TLDR
The extent to which social disconnectedness and perceived isolation have distinct associations with physical and mental health among older adults is examined and it is concluded that health researchers need to consider social disconnectednesses and perceived isolatedness simultaneously.
Being alone versus being with people: disengagement in the daily experience of older adults.
TLDR
The results suggest that being alone is not a wholley negative experience for this age group, especially for those who have the regular companionship of a spouse.
UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3): reliability, validity, and factor structure.
  • D. Russell
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1996
TLDR
The psychometric properties of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3) were evaluated and it was indicated that the measure was highly reliable, both in terms of internal consistency and test-retest reliability over a 1-year period.
The Scaffolded Mind: Higher mental processes are grounded in early experience of the physical world.
TLDR
The extent to which early concept development along with evolved motives operating early in life can come to exert a passive, unconscious influence on the human adult's higher-order goal pursuits, judgments, and actions is demonstrated.
...
...