The substitutability of physical and social warmth in daily life.

  title={The substitutability of physical and social warmth in daily life.},
  author={John A. Bargh and Idit Shalev},
  volume={12 1},
Classic and contemporary research on person perception has demonstrated the paramount importance of interpersonal warmth. Recent research on embodied cognition has shown that feelings of social warmth or coldness can be induced by experiences of physical warmth or coldness, and vice versa. Here we show that people tend to self-regulate their feelings of social warmth through applications of physical warmth, apparently without explicit awareness of doing so. In Study 1, higher scores on a… 
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On the association between loneliness and bathing habits: nine replications of Bargh and Shalev (2012) Study 1.
No evidence is found for an association between trait loneliness and a composite index of showering or bathing habits in a combined sample of 1,153 participants from four studies and a local meta-analysis including the original studies yielded an effect size estimate that included zero in the 95% confidence interval.


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The Thermometer of Social Relations
These studies corroborate recent findings in the field of grounded cognition revealing that concrete experiences ground abstract concepts with which they are coexperienced and show a systemic interdependence among language, perception, and social proximity.
Cold and Lonely
The psychological experience of coldness not only aids understanding of social interaction, but also is an integral part of the experience of social exclusion.
Universal dimensions of social cognition: warmth and competence
Physical temperature effects on trust behavior: the role of insula.
The results suggest that the insula may be a key shared neural substrate that mediates the influence of temperature on trust processes.
Social Disconnectedness, Perceived Isolation, and Health among Older Adults∗
The extent to which social disconnectedness and perceived isolation have distinct associations with physical and mental health among older adults is examined and it is concluded that health researchers need to consider social disconnectednesses and perceived isolatedness simultaneously.
Being alone versus being with people: disengagement in the daily experience of older adults.
The results suggest that being alone is not a wholley negative experience for this age group, especially for those who have the regular companionship of a spouse.
UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3): reliability, validity, and factor structure.
  • D. Russell
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1996
The psychometric properties of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3) were evaluated and it was indicated that the measure was highly reliable, both in terms of internal consistency and test-retest reliability over a 1-year period.
The Scaffolded Mind: Higher mental processes are grounded in early experience of the physical world.
The extent to which early concept development along with evolved motives operating early in life can come to exert a passive, unconscious influence on the human adult's higher-order goal pursuits, judgments, and actions is demonstrated.