The subspecies concept in primatology: The case of mountain gorillas

@article{Stanford2007TheSC,
  title={The subspecies concept in primatology: The case of mountain gorillas},
  author={Craig B. Stanford},
  journal={Primates},
  year={2007},
  volume={42},
  pages={309-318}
}
The criteria for the application of subspecific units in living primate populations have received little attention relative to other vertebrate taxa, even though they have important implications for conservation strategies for many nonhuman primate populations. One of the most critically endangered primates is the mountain gorilla,Gorilla gorilla beringei, of which 600 animals exist in east-central Africa. FollowingSarmiento et al. (1996), taxonomists have proposed splitting these populations… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The subspecies concept in butterflies: has its application in taxonomy and conservation biology outlived its usefulness?
TLDR
The utility of subspecies is explored, and allopatric subspecies are a type of evolutionarily significant unit within species in that they show both neutral divergence through the effects of genetic drift and adaptive divergence under natural selection, and provide an historical context for identifying biodiversity units for conservation. Expand
Are subspecies (of Eira barbara) real?
The subspecies concept is one of the most controversial in Linnean taxonomy. In the past, subspecies were described without a clear conceptual framework, triggering confusion and motivating criticismExpand
The problem of subspecies and biased taxonomy in conservation lists : the case of mammals
TLDR
It is shown that discrepancies in the inclusion of subspecies in the IUCN Red List often reflect uneven taxonomic knowledge and the differential scientific and public interest raised by different kinds of mammals, which together can produce a biased picture of mammalian endangerment worldwide. Expand
Subspecies of Sri Lankan Mammals as Units of Biodiversity Conservation, with Special Reference to the Primates
TLDR
The conservation of biodiversity in practice involves firstly the official acknowledgement of the existence and importance of infra-specific diversity, especially in taxa such as primates where it is well expressed; and secondly, the protection of highly threatened natural habitats that constitute the only realistic life-supporting environments for the conservation of Sri Lanka’s diversity in mammals and many other life forms. Expand
Gorilla beringei (Primates: Hominidae)
Abstract: Gorilla beringei Matschie, 1903 is a great ape commonly called the eastern gorilla. Highly sexually dimorphic, this diurnal knuckle-walking quadruped is 1 of 2 species of Gorilla, theExpand
Chapter 7: Revisiting Species and Subspecies of Island Birds for a Better Assessment of Biodiversity
TLDR
This work reviews avian taxonomic history in the Hawaiian Islands, speciation patterns in Pacific island pigeons and doves, and patterns of variation in the widespread Polynesian Starling to demonstrate that the biological species concept, if applied with consideration of potential isolating mechanisms, vagility, and degree of freedom, could be applied to island birds. Expand
Chapter 1: Subspecies Represent Geographically Partitioned Variation, A Gold Mine of Evolutionary Biology, and a Challenge for Conservation
TLDR
The history of the subspecies concept and the major debates and issues surrounding its use are summarized, with an emphasis on ornithology, in which the concept originated. Expand
Phylogeographic assessment of the Heermann's kangaroo rat (Dipodomys heermanni)
TLDR
A phylogeographic assessment of the Heermann's kangaroo rat indicates that recognition of none of the nine subspecies is warranted and that conservation and management practices of D. heermanni are in need of revision. Expand
Ecological divergence and talar morphology in gorillas.
TLDR
Western gorillas have talar features that reflect a more medially directed sole of the foot, suggesting that they may be more adaptively committed to arboreality than gorillas living in highland habitats. Expand
Evaluating the validity of subspecies classifications: a case study of intraspecific genetic variation in the prairie vole ( Microtus ochrogaster )
TLDR
Molecular data failed to support the current subspecific classifications and suggest they may need to be reevaluated using integrative taxonomy. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES
Species, Subspecies, and Baboon Systematics
TLDR
Baboon diversity is used to explore some aspects of species definition and diagnosis, without attempting a comprehensive revision of the group or an exhaustive exploration of the species concept. Expand
Composition of the diet of chimpanzees and comparisons with that of sympatric lowland gorillas in the lopé reserve, gabon
TLDR
The major differences between chimpanzee and gorilla diet at Lopé were the larger quantities of vegetative foods regularly eaten by gorillas and their ability to resort to a diet dominated by vegetative Foods when fruit was scarce, and the diets of the two species showed greatest divergence. Expand
Composition and variability of mountain gorilla diets in the Central Virungas
  • D. Watts
  • Geography, Medicine
  • American journal of primatology
  • 1984
TLDR
The gorillas' behavioral responses to environmental complexity lend general support to recent ideas concerning the evolution of their social system. Expand
Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography of east African chimpanzees
TLDR
The results indicate either a near simultaneous origin for the chimpanzee populations sampled, or an obscuring of interpopulational phylogenetic relationships by gene flow. Expand
Gorillas of Bwindi‐Impenetrable Forest and the Virunga Volcanoes: Taxonomic implications of morphological and ecological differences
TLDR
How unique the distinguishing features of Bwindi gorillas are, and whether or not they should be assigned to a new taxon, depends on the expression of these features in eastern lowland gorillas (G. graueri). Expand
Mitochondrial DNA diversity in gorillas.
A highly variable portion of the mitochondrial DNA control region was sequenced in 63 free-living and captive gorillas including representatives of the three recognized subspecies. This region hasExpand
Is the gorilla a threatened species? How should we judge?
Abstract The question of whether the gorilla is a threatened species is part of the larger issue of how we judge the damage that we are doing to the world. Many criteria are being used. Here I applyExpand
Morphometric analyses of Ateles: systematic and biogeographic implications
This study examined the cranial and dental morphometric patterns among South American spider monkey taxa (Ateles), using various multivariate data reduction techniques to corroborate or falsify theExpand
Mitochondrial sequences show diverse evolutionary histories of African hominoids.
TLDR
The results are relevant to the origin of zoonotic diseases, including HIV-1, and call into question some aspects of the current taxonomic treatment and conservation management of gorillas and chimpanzees. Expand
Species, Species Concepts and Primate Evolution
TLDR
The fossil record shows clear trends inSpeciation in Living Hominoid Primates and Geographic Variation in Primates, and Species Recognition in the Fossil Record is concerned. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...