The submerged Pre-Pottery Neolithic water well of Atlit-Yam, northern Israel, and its palaeoenvironmental implications

  title={The submerged Pre-Pottery Neolithic water well of Atlit-Yam, northern Israel, and its palaeoenvironmental implications},
  author={Ehud Galili and Yaacov Nir},
  journal={The Holocene},
  pages={265 - 270}
The recent discovery of a vertical open shaft, identified as a well of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period, was found in a large submerged village off the Atlit promontory, northern Israel. This well indicates that the exploitation of groundwater through wells commenced at the beginning of the eighth millennium BP or possibly earlier. The well lies some 10 m below present sea level, a few hundred metres off the Carmel coast. It is almost 1.5 m in diameter, and some 5.7 m in depth, which proves… Expand

Figures from this paper

Middle and late Holocene sea-levels along the Israel Mediterranean coast — evidence from ancient water wells
During the course of a study of historical water wells along the Israeli shore, which has been in progress since 1984, an innovative method for investigating sea-level fluctuations was developed.Expand
Late Quaternary beach deposits and archaeological relicts on the coasts of Cyprus, and the possible implications of sea-level changes and tectonics on the early populations
Abstract Late Pleistocene beach deposits in 22 selected sites around Cyprus demonstrate the vertical changes in the Earth's crust in that island over the last 125 ka. The beach/shallow-marineExpand
Israel: Submerged Prehistoric Sites and Settlements on the Mediterranean Coastline—the Current State of the Art
Inundated archaeological sites dating from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Pottery Neolithic periods have been exposed off the Mediterranean coast of Israel, mainly the northern Carmel coast. The bulkExpand
A submerged monolith in the Sicilian Channel (central Mediterranean Sea): Evidence for Mesolithic human activity
Abstract The ancient geography of the Mediterranean Basin was profoundly changed by the increase in sea level following the Last Glacial Maximum. This global event has led to the retreat of theExpand
Ancient coastal wells of Caesarea Maritima, Israel, an indicator for relative sea level changes during the last 2000 years
Abstract During the detailed excavations of ancient Caesarea, Israel, East Mediterranean, 64 coastal water wells have been examined that date from the early Roman period (with the oldest occurring inExpand
Geo-archaeological markers reveal magnitude and rates of Israeli coastal cliff erosion and retreat
Geo-archaeological studies along the Mediterranean coast of Israel and its seabed have revealed shipwrecks, anchorages, coastal installations and natural features that can act as markers to estimateExpand
Holocene evolution of the Haifa Bay area, Israel, and its influence on ancient tell settlements
The geographical evolution of Haifa Bay and Zevulun Plain, Israel, from the late Pleistocene to the Holocene, is based on detailed analysis of drilled cores. At the beginning of the Holocene the BayExpand
Geoarchaeological evolution of Tel Akko's ancient harbour (Israel) ☆
Abstract Archaeological excavations at Tel Akko, northern Israel, located some 1.5 km east of the present ancient city, have revealed imported artefacts and evidence for maritime trade dating fromExpand
Submerged Pottery Neolithic Settlements off the Coast of Israel: Subsistence, Material Culture and the Development of Separate Burial Grounds
Eight inundated archaeological sites dating to the Pottery Neolithic period (Wadi Rabah culture), 8000–6500 cal. BP, have been exposed under water off the Carmel coast of Israel. The sites representExpand
The origin and disappearance of the late Pleistocene–early Holocene short-lived coastal wetlands along the Carmel coast, Israel
Abstract The formation of short-lived backswamps along the Carmel coast of Israel coincides with the rapid global sea-level rise during the late Pleistocene–early Holocene transition. The currentExpand


Atlit-Yam: A Prehistoric Site on the Sea Floor off the Israeli Coast
AbstractAtlit- Yam, a settlement 400 m off the Israeli shore, is the largest (60,000 sq m) and most deeply submerged (8–12 m bsl) prehistoric settlement ever uncovered along the Mediterranean coast.Expand
Holocene sea-level changes based on submerged archaeological sites off the northern Carmel coast in Israel
Abstract A series of submerged archaeological sites found on the continental shelf between Haifa and Atlit indicate a continuous marine transgression between 8000 and 1500 yr B.P. The sites areExpand
Paleohydrology and migration of the ground-water divide in regions of tectonic instability in Israel
The Upper Cretaceous Judea carbonate-rock aquifer is situated between the base levels of the Mediterranean Sea in the west and the Jordan rift valley in the east, which have a maximum elevationExpand
Ancient wells and their geoarchaeological significance in detecting tectonics of the Israel Mediterranean coastline region
Eight ancient water wells, representing the late Bronze Age to the Crusades period (ca. 3100–700 B.P.), have recently been excavated (six by the authors) and reopened at archaeological sites (tels)Expand
Construction techniques and building materials used in ancient water wells along the coastal plain of Israel
11 ancient water wells, found in old sites along the central and southern Mediterranean coasts of Israel have recently been excavated and studied (eight of them by the authors). These wells date fromExpand
Sedimentary Facies Patterns and Geologic History of a Holocene Marine Transgression
Studies of Holocene sediments in coastal Delaware show complex sediment distribution patterns resulting from lateral and vertical movement of successive environments of deposition over a PleistoceneExpand
Late pleistocene, holocene and present sea-levels: constraints on future change
Abstract Late Pleistocene and Holocene sea-levels exhibit considerable temporal and spatial variation around the globe when compared with present-day sea-levels. This is the result of volumetricExpand
Eustatic changes during the last 20,000 years and a method of separating the isostatic and eustatic factors in an uplifted area
Abstract The present paper (presented at the VIII INQUA Congress in Paris 1969) deals with the eustatic changes since the maximum lowering of the ocean level during the glaciation maximum aboutExpand
Holocene Sea Level Changes at the Coast of Dor, Southeast Mediterranean
Geological, geomorphological, and archeological data of changes in sea level during the Holocene at the Mediterranean coast of Dor provide a eustatic curve of the region. This curve shows that seaExpand
A 17,000-year glacio-eustatic sea level record: influence of glacial melting rates on the Younger Dryas event and deep-ocean circulation
Coral reefs drilled offshore of Barbados provide the first continuous and detailed record of sea level change during the last deglaciation. The sea level was 121 ± 5 metres below present level duringExpand