The submarine volcano eruption at the island of El Hierro: physical-chemical perturbation and biological response

  title={The submarine volcano eruption at the island of El Hierro: physical-chemical perturbation and biological response},
  author={E. Fraile-Nuez and Melchor Gonz{\'a}lez-D{\'a}vila and J. Magdalena Santana-Casiano and Javier F Aristegui and Iv{\'a}n J. Alonso-Gonz{\'a}lez and Santiago Hern{\'a}ndez-Le{\'o}n and Mar{\'i}a Jos{\'e} Blanco and A. Rodr{\'i}guez-Santana and Alonso Hernandez-Guerra and Mar{\'i}a Dolores Gelado-Caballero and Francisco Eugenio and Javier Marcello and D. de Armas and J. F. Dom{\'i}nguez-Yanes and Maria Fernanda Montero and D. R. Laetsch and Pedro V{\'e}lez-Belch{\'i} and Antonio Ramos and Alejandro Ariza and I. Comas-Rodr{\'i}guez and Ver{\'o}nica M Ben{\'i}tez-Barrios},
  booktitle={Scientific reports},
On October 10 2011 an underwater eruption gave rise to a novel shallow submarine volcano south of the island of El Hierro, Canary Islands, Spain. During the eruption large quantities of mantle-derived gases, solutes and heat were released into the surrounding waters. In order to monitor the impact of the eruption on the marine ecosystem, periodic multidisciplinary cruises were carried out. Here, we present an initial report of the extreme physical-chemical perturbations caused by this event… CONTINUE READING
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