The subject-relative advantage in Chinese: Evidence for expectation-based processing

  title={The subject-relative advantage in Chinese: Evidence for expectation-based processing},
  author={Lena A. J{\"a}ger and Zhong Chen and Qiang Li and Chien-Jer Charles Lin and Shravan Vasishth},
  journal={Journal of Memory and Language},
Is There a Processing Preference for Object Relative Clauses in Chinese? Evidence From ERPs
Findings paint a complex picture of relative clause processing in Chinese such that opposing factors involving structural ambiguities and integration of filler-gap dependencies influence processing dynamics in Chinese relative clauses.
Effects of Early Cues on the Processing of Chinese Relative Clauses: Evidence for Experience-Based Theories.
We used Chinese prenominal relative clauses (RCs) to test the predictions of two competing accounts of sentence comprehension difficulty: the experience-based account of Levy () and the Dependency
When Structure Competes with Semantics: Reading Chinese Relative Clauses
An ongoing debate in Chinese psycholinguistics is whether subject-relative clauses or object-relative clauses are more difficult to process. The current study asks what happens when structure and
Argument Ambiguities Make Subject Relative Clause More Difficult to Process than Object Relative Clause in Mandarin
Relative clauses (RCs) processing has been a hot issue in decades. Studies from head-initial languages have found that SRCs were easier to comprehend than ORCs, and many different models were
Asymmetric processing of Mandarin relative clauses
Introduction An asymmetry occurs when processing different types of relative clauses (RC). While an advantage of subject relative clause (SR) has been found in English [4], both subject and object
Ambiguity in the processing of Mandarin Chinese relative clauses: One factor cannot explain it all
This study shows that both ORCs and SRCs have different processing requirements depending on the locus and time course during reading, and reveals that ORC reading was possibly facilitated by linear/temporal integration and canonicity.
Ambiguity in Japanese relative clause processing
Abstract In Japanese, relative clauses have initial clause-type ambiguity. Because there are no overt RC markers, the structure is realized at a locus of disambiguation, typically the head noun.
Thematic orders and the comprehension of subject-extracted relative clauses in Mandarin Chinese
  • C. Lin
  • Linguistics
    Front. Psychol.
  • 2015
Results suggest that two expectation-based processing factors are involved in the comprehension of Chinese relative clauses, including both the structural probabilities of pre-relativizer constituents and the overall surface thematic orders in the relative clauses.


Processing Chinese Relative Clauses: Evidence for the Subject-Relative Advantage
Using a random effects bayesian meta-analysis of fifteen studies, it is shown that the overall current evidence for the subject-relative advantage is quite strong and it is argued that retrieval/integration based accounts would have difficulty explaining all three experimental results.
Eye movements and processing difficulty in object relative clauses
  • A. Staub
  • Psychology, Linguistics
  • 2010
Processing Chinese relative clauses in context
The results provide evidence for working memory-based sentence processing theories whereby processing difficulty increases for connecting sentence elements that are further apart and support the idea that sentence processing is constrained by working memory limitations.
Relative clause processing in Mandarin: Evidence from the maze task
A “maze” task was used to localise processing difficulty by requiring participants to make a choice between two alternatives at every single position of the sentence, confirming that object relatives are indeed easier than corresponding subject relatives in the relative clause region, although this difference is reversed in the subsequent relative marker region.
Locality in German
It is argued that, in addition to expectation effects, processing load also increases with increasing distance, which contradicts Levy’s claim that heightened expectation leads to lower processing cost.
The Comparison of Processing Difficulty between Chinese Subject-relative and Object-relative Clauses
This paper presents an experiment that compared the complexity of processing Chinese subject-relative and object-relative clause structures in a self-paced reading paradigm.The elements of the head
The syntactic complexity of Russian relative clauses
Subject/object processing asymmetries in Korean relative clauses: Evidence from ERP data
Subject relative (SR) clauses have a reliable processing advantage in VO languages like English in which relative clauses (RCs) follow the head noun. The question is whether this is also routinely