The stress response of the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) to air exposure and confinement.

@article{Arends1999TheSR,
  title={The stress response of the gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata L.) to air exposure and confinement.},
  author={Roel J. Arends and Juan Miguel Mancera and Jos{\'e} L. Mu{\~n}oz and Sjoerd E Wendelaar Bonga and Gert Flik},
  journal={The Journal of endocrinology},
  year={1999},
  volume={163 1},
  pages={149-57}
}
We investigated short-term effects (up to 24 h) of air exposure and confinement, and long-term effects (up to 11 days) of confinement, to elucidate signalling pathways in the stress response of gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata L. Plasma glucose and lactate were taken as indicators of sympathetic activation, and alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol as indicators of activation of the brain-pituitary-interrenal (BPI) axis. Air exposure… CONTINUE READING

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