The stratigraphy of mass extinction

@article{Holland2015TheSO,
  title={The stratigraphy of mass extinction},
  author={Steven M. Holland and Mark E. Patzkowsky},
  journal={Palaeontology},
  year={2015},
  volume={58}
}
Patterns of last occurrences of fossil species are often used to infer the tempo and timing of mass extinction, even though last occurrences generally precede the time of extinction. Numerical simulations with constant extinction demonstrate that last occurrences are not randomly distributed, but tend to cluster at subaerial unconformities, surfaces of forced regression, flooding surfaces and intervals of stratigraphical condensation, all of which occur in predictable stratigraphical positions… 
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