The strange case of Phineas Gage

  title={The strange case of Phineas Gage},
  author={Zbigniew Kotowicz},
  journal={History of the Human Sciences},
  pages={115 - 131}
The 19th-century story of Phineas Gage is much quoted in neuroscientific literature as the first recorded case in which personality change (from polite and sociable to psychopathic) occurred after damage to the brain. In this article I contest this interpretation. From a close examination of the story of Gage I have come to conclude that first of all there was nothing psychopathic in Gage’s behavior and that changes in his life are more coherently explained by seeing them as his way of dealing… 
Footprints of phineas gage: Historical beginnings on the origins of brain and behavior and the birth of cerebral localizationism
The amazing story of Phineas Gage is a classic case in the nineteenth-century neurosciences literature that played a pivotal role in the concept of cerebral localizationism, a theory that moved beyond phrenology.
Coverage of the Phineas Gage Story in Introductory Psychology Textbooks
Most introductory textbooks discuss the story of Phineas Gage and his terrible accident in which he survived a three-and-a-half-foot-long tamping iron that weighed 13¼ pounds exploding through his
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    Current opinion in psychiatry
  • 2008
This review surveys the scholarly literature in several specific areas that have attracted the attention of historians of psychiatry in recent years, including work in the history of psychiatric institutions, borderline disorders, 20th-century somatic therapies, military psychiatry, and colonial psychiatry.
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A reproduction of a daguerreotype of Phineas Gage that came into their possession more than 30 years ago is presented, which is, as far as the authors know, the only image of this famous patient.
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This thesis investigates autism as it has been understood in the cognitive and social (neuro)sciences, within the United Kingdom, since 1985. Of specific interest is how these sciences discover,
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The Barkley Deficits of Executive Functioning-Short Form (BDEFS-SF) is a short rating scale measuring executive functioning in adults. The BDEFS-SF was developed using the 5 highest loading questions
Validation of the Barkley Deficits of Executive Functioning Scale-Short Form
The Barkley Deficits of Executive Functioning-Short Form (BDEFS-SF) is a short rating scale measuring executive functioning in adults. The BDEFS-SF was developed using the 5 highest loading questions


An odd kind of fame : stories of Phineas Gage
In 1848 a railway construction worker named Phineas Gage suffered an accident that made him a major curiosity of medicine and a significant figure in psychology and neuroscience: an explosion caused
Recovery from the passage of an iron bar through the head
I have the pleasure of being able to present to you, to-day, the history and sequel of a case of severe injury of the head, followed by recovery, which, so far as I know, remains without a parallel
The integration of neurology, psychiatry, and neuroscience in the 21st century.
The historical basis for the divergence of neurology and psychiatry over the past century is examined and prospects for a rapprochement and potential convergence of the two specialties in the next century are discussed.
A neural basis for collecting behaviour in humans.
It is hypothesized that dysfunction in a system encompassing mesial prefrontal cortices accounts for abnormal collecting and may guide normal collecting, and evidence suggests that damage to the mesial frontal region disrupts a mechanism which normally modulates subcortically driven predisposition to acquire and collect, and adjusts these predispositions to environmental context.
Eliminative materialism and the propositional attitudes
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Is Your Brain Really Necessary?’, Science
  • An Odd Kind of Fame: Stories of Phineas Gage. London: MIT
  • 2002
Is your brain really necessary?
A Neural Basis for Collect
  • 2005