The strange case of Phineas Gage

@article{Kotowicz2007TheSC,
  title={The strange case of Phineas Gage},
  author={Zbigniew Kotowicz},
  journal={History of the Human Sciences},
  year={2007},
  volume={20},
  pages={115 - 131}
}
The 19th-century story of Phineas Gage is much quoted in neuroscientific literature as the first recorded case in which personality change (from polite and sociable to psychopathic) occurred after damage to the brain. In this article I contest this interpretation. From a close examination of the story of Gage I have come to conclude that first of all there was nothing psychopathic in Gage’s behavior and that changes in his life are more coherently explained by seeing them as his way of dealing… 
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Is Your Brain Really Necessary?’, Science
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