The strange and spooky battle over bats and black dresses: The commodification of Whitby Goth Weekend and the loss of a subculture

  title={The strange and spooky battle over bats and black dresses: The commodification of Whitby Goth Weekend and the loss of a subculture},
  author={Karl Spracklen and Beverley Spracklen},
  journal={Tourist Studies},
  pages={102 - 86}
From counterculture to subculture to the ubiquity of every black-clad wannabe vampire hanging around the centre of Western cities, Goth has transcended a musical style to become a part of everyday leisure and popular culture. The music’s cultural terrain has been extensively mapped in the first decade of this century. In this article, we examine the phenomenon of the Whitby Goth Weekend, a modern Goth music festival, which has contributed to (and has been altered by) the heritage-tourism… 
Becoming and being goth: How goths remember the scene’s transition from the eighties into the nineties
Goth emerged from post-punk, and by the 1980s became an identifiable feature of the popular music scene and wider popular culture. Fuelled by the success of bands such as the Sisters of Mercy, goth
There is (almost) no alternative: the slow ‘heat death’ of music subcultures and the instrumentalization of contemporary leisure
In this paper, the metaphor of the ‘heat death’ is used in understanding the transformation of the alternative music scene(s) since the 1980s. Popular music is a key leisure space of modernity, and
Music, Beer and Performativity in New Local Leisure Spaces: Case Study of a Yorkshire Dales Market Town
Pubs and popular music share long-standing connections, both through commodified entertainment practices and ones which cultivate a sense of belonging. In this article we consider how new spaces for
The Sociology of Leisure: an Estranged Child of Mainstream Sociology
Starting with Veblen the rocky career of the sociology of leisure is traced up to the present. The field grows slowly during the first half of the twentieth century in North America and Britain and
Social media, popular culture and ‘soft heritage’: Chinese tourists in search of Harry Potter
Complex relationships exist between rationales for visiting, experiences and perceptions. Tourists are influenced by others, increasingly through social media as electronic word of mouth (ewom).
Eventos subculturais e a cidade: estratégia para a economia simbólica ou meio integrador de uma cultura alternativa? O caso do festival gótico “entremuralhas” em Leiria
The city is a space of diversity with conflicts and tensions between dominant and alternative cultures. Festivals, acting as a leverage for the development of cities, bring different cultures into
Dark tourism concerns visits to tragedy sites. This research examines the influence of The Diary of Anne Frank on motivation to visit her house in Amsterdam. The literature suggests that whilst
Evaluating the Authenticity of Naxi Music in Three Stages from the Perspective of Naxi Musicians: An Application of Lacan’s Mirror Stage Theory
How do people evaluate the transformation of a local music scene under tourism? Using Jacques Lacan’s mirror stage theory, Manuel Castells’ identity theory and Erik Cohen’s authentication theory, we
Counter Culture, Consumerism and Ruin Pubs in Budapest – A Comparative Case Study
This thesis aims to look into different perspectives in connection with ruin pubs in Budapest, such as authenticity, counter culture, consumerism, organizational structure, profit, missions and
The Foul and the Fragrant in Urban Exploration: Unpacking the Olfactory System of Leisure
The world of leisure is a sensual reality, especially strong with the odours of what the French cultural historian Alain Corbin gave the name ‘the foul and the fragrant’, and their emotional affects.


Goth: Identity, Style and Subculture
Goths represent one of the most arresting, distinctive and enduring subcultures of recent times. The dedication of those involved to a lifestyle which, from the outside, may appear dark and sinister,
Pagans and Satan and Goths, oh my: dark leisure as communicative agency and communal identity on the fringes of the modern Goth scene
Goth music's cultural terrain has been extensively mapped in the first decade of this century. Through a dark leisure framework, the present article examines the way in which parts of the Goth scene
Negotiating the Punk in Steampunk: Subculture, Fashion & Performative Identity
The term ‘punk’ has become a highly contested and problematic label since its appropriation in the 1970s, when it was commonly used to describe music produced by many anarchic and irreverent bands.
Dreaming of drams: authenticity in Scottish whisky tourism as an expression of unresolved Habermasian rationalities
In this paper, the production of whisky tourism at both independently owned and corporately owned distilleries in Scotland is explored by focusing on four examples (Arran, Glengoyne, Glenturret and
Cultural Politics at the Fin De Siècle : Technologies of monstrosity: Bram Stoker's Dracula
By way of an introduction to Bram Stoker's Dracula , I want to tell my own story about being consumed and drained by the vampire. Reading Dracula for the first time many years ago, I thought I
Performing identity: an analysis of gender expressions at the Whitby goth festival
The paper looks at the nature of gender identities within the gothic subculture, a subculture firmly rooted in objects of consumption and bonded together by a common fascination with the iconic
Staged Authenticity: Arrangements of Social Space in Tourist Settings
The problem of false consciousness and its relationship to the social structure of tourist establishments is analyzed. Accounts of travelers are examined in terms of Erving Goffman's front versus
Sound Effects: Youth, Leisure, and the Politics of Rock `n' Roll.
After tracing the evolution of pop music, the book focuses on the roots of rock music and the everchanging components of the modern record making process. By analyzing both the possibilities and the
Embodying the Map: Tourism Practices in Berlin
Maps are often considered by tourism scholars as superimposed representations that reduce visitors to passive executors of pre-designed routes. Combining new post-representational perspectives in map
The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure
In The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure, Victor Turner examines rituals of the Ndembu in Zambia and develops his now-famous concept of "Communitas". He characterises it as an absolute